|a four-wheeled horse-drawn carriage, popular in the 19th century, having a retractable hood over the rear half, seats inside for two couples facing each other, and a driver's seat outside at the front|
|[C19: from German (dialect) Barutsche, from Italian baroccio, from Vulgar Latin birotium (unattested) vehicle with two wheels, from Late Latin birotus two-wheeled, from |
(from Czech kolesa: "wheels"), also called Caleche, or Barouche, any of various open carriages, with facing passenger seats and an elevated coachman's seat joined to the front of the shallow body, which somewhat resembled a small boat. A characteristic falling hood over the rear seat gave the name calash to any folding carriage top. Most of the vehicles had four wheels, but some had two. A type used especially in Quebec was two wheeled, with one forward-facing seat, and a driver's seat on the splashboard. Other types were almost identical to chaises and victorias.
Learn more about barouche with a free trial on Britannica.com.