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basic

[bey-sik] /ˈbeɪ sɪk/
adjective
1.
of, pertaining to, or forming a base; fundamental:
a basic principle; the basic ingredient.
2.
Chemistry.
  1. pertaining to, of the nature of, or containing a base.
  2. not having all of the hydroxyls of the base replaced by the acid group, or having the metal or its equivalent united partly to the acid group and partly to oxygen.
  3. alkaline.
3.
Metallurgy. noting, pertaining to, or made by a steelmaking process (basic process) in which the furnace or converter is lined with a basic or nonsiliceous material, mainly burned magnesite and a small amount of ground basic slag, to remove impurities from the steel.
Compare acid (def 8).
4.
Geology. (of a rock) having relatively little silica.
5.
Military.
  1. primary:
    basic training.
  2. of lowest rank:
    airman basic.
noun
6.
Military.
  1. basic training.
  2. a soldier or airman receiving basic training.
7.
Often, basics. something that is fundamental or basic; an essential ingredient, principle, procedure, etc.:
to learn the basics of music; to get back to basics.
Origin
1835-1845
1835-45; base1 + -ic
Related forms
nonbasic, adjective
quasi-basic, adjective
Can be confused
basic, BASIC.
Synonyms
1. elementary, essential, key, primary; basal; underlying.

BASIC

[bey-sik] /ˈbeɪ sɪk/
noun, Computers.
1.
a widely adopted programming language that uses English words, punctuation marks, and algebraic notation to facilitate communication between the operator or lay user and the computer.
Origin
1965-70; B(eginner's) A(ll-purpose) S(ymbolic) I(nstruction) C(ode)
Can be confused
basic, BASIC.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for basic
  • When the two components are actually mixed together, the ph is slightly basic.
British Dictionary definitions for basic

basic

/ˈbeɪsɪk/
adjective
1.
of, relating to, or forming a base or basis; fundamental; underlying
2.
elementary or simple: a few basic facts
3.
excluding additions or extras: basic pay
4.
(chem)
  1. of, denoting, or containing a base; alkaline
  2. (of a salt) containing hydroxyl or oxide groups not all of which have been replaced by an acid radical: basic lead carbonate, 2PbCO3.Pb(OH)2
5.
(metallurgy) of, concerned with, or made by a process in which the furnace or converter is made of a basic material, such as magnesium oxide
6.
(of such igneous rocks as basalt) containing between 52 and 45 per cent silica
7.
(military) primary or initial: basic training
noun
8.
(usually pl) a fundamental principle, fact, etc

BASIC

/ˈbeɪsɪk/
noun
1.
a computer programming language that uses common English terms
Word Origin
C20: acronym of b(eginner's) a(ll-purpose) s(ymbolic) i(nstruction) c(ode)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for basic
adj.

1832, originally in chemistry, from base (n.) + -ic.

BASIC

computer language, 1964, initialism for Beginners' All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code; invented by Hungarian-born U.S. computer scientist John G. Kemeny (1926-1992) and U.S. computer scientist Thomas E. Kurtz (b.1928).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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basic in Medicine

basic ba·sic (bā'sĭk)
adj.

  1. Of, being, or serving as a starting point or basis.

  2. Producing, resulting from, or relating to a base.

  3. Containing a base, especially in excess of acid.

  4. Containing oxide or hydroxide anions.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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basic in Science
BASIC
  (bā'sĭk)   
A simple programming language developed in the 1960s that is widely taught to students as a first programming language.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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basic in Technology
language
Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code. A simple language originally designed for ease of programming by students and beginners. Many dialects exist, and BASIC is popular on microcomputers with sound and graphics support. Most micro versions are interactive and interpreted.
BASIC has become the leading cause of brain-damage in proto-hackers. This is another case (like Pascal) of the cascading lossage that happens when a language deliberately designed as an educational toy gets taken too seriously. A novice can write short BASIC programs (on the order of 10-20 lines) very easily; writing anything longer is painful and encourages bad habits that will make it harder to use more powerful languages. This wouldn't be so bad if historical accidents hadn't made BASIC so common on low-end micros. As it is, it ruins thousands of potential wizards a year.
Originally, all references to code, both GOTO and GOSUB (subroutine call) referred to the destination by its line number. This allowed for very simple editing in the days before text editors were considered essential. Just typing the line number deleted the line and to edit a line you just typed the new line with the same number. Programs were typically numbered in steps of ten to allow for insertions. Later versions, such as BASIC V, allow GOTO-less structured programming with named procedures and functions, IF-THEN-ELSE-ENDIF constructs and WHILE loops etc.
Early BASICs had no graphic operations except with graphic characters. In the 1970s BASIC interpreters became standard features in mainframes and minicomputers. Some versions included matrix operations as language primitives.
A public domain interpreter for a mixture of DEC's MU-Basic and Microsoft Basic is here (ftp://oak.oakland.edu/pub/Unix-c/languages/basic/basic.tar-z). A yacc parser and interpreter were in the comp.sources.unix archives volume 2.
See also ANSI Minimal BASIC, bournebasic, bwBASIC, ubasic, Visual Basic.
[Jargon File]
(1995-03-15)
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Related Abbreviations for basic

BASIC

Beginner's All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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