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basidium ba·sid·i·um (bə-sĭd'ē-əm)
n. pl. ba·sid·i·a (-ē-ə)
A small club-shaped structure typically bearing four spores at the tips of minute projections, unique to Basidiomycetes and used as a distinguishing characterisitic.
in fungi (kingdom Fungi), the organ in the members of the phylum Basidiomycota (q.v.) that bears sexually reproduced bodies called basidiospores. The basidium serves as the site of karyogamy and meiosis, functions by which sex cells fuse, exchange nuclear material, and divide to reproduce basidiospores.