basting

1 [bey-sting]
noun
1.
sewing with long, loose stitches to hold material in place until the final sewing.
2.
bastings, the stitches taken or the threads used.

Origin:
1515–25; baste1 + -ing1

Dictionary.com Unabridged

basting

2 [bey-sting]
noun
1.
the act of moistening food while cooking, especially with stock or pan juices.
2.
the liquid used in basting.

Origin:
1520–30; baste2 + -ing1

baste

1 [beyst]
verb (used with object), basted, basting.
to sew with long, loose stitches, as in temporarily tacking together pieces of a garment while it is being made.

Origin:
1400–50; late Middle English basten < Anglo-French, Middle French bastir to build, baste < Germanic; compare Old High German bestan to mend, patch for *bastian to bring together with bast thread or string (bast bast + -i- v. suffix + -an infinitive suffix)

baste

2 [beyst]
verb (used with object), basted, basting.
1.
to moisten (meat or other food) while cooking, with drippings, butter, etc.
noun
2.
liquid used to moisten and flavor food during cooking: a baste of sherry and pan juices.

Origin:
1425–75; late Middle English basten, of obscure origin

baste

3 [beyst]
verb (used with object), basted, basting.
1.
to beat with a stick; thrash; cudgel.
2.
to denounce or scold vigorously: an editorial basting the candidate for irresponsible statements.

Origin:
1525–35; variant of baist, perhaps < Old Norse beysta to beat, thrash

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
baste1 (beɪst)
 
vb
(tr) to sew with loose temporary stitches
 
[C14: from Old French bastir to build, of Germanic origin; compare Old High German besten to sew with bast]

baste2 (beɪst)
 
vb
to moisten (meat) during cooking with hot fat and the juices produced
 
[C15: of uncertain origin]

baste3 (beɪst)
 
vb
(tr) to beat thoroughly; thrash
 
[C16: probably from Old Norse beysta]

basting (ˈbeɪstɪŋ)
 
n
1.  loose temporary stitches; tacking
2.  sewing with such stitches

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

baste
"sew together loosely," mid-15c., from O.Fr. bastir "build, construct, sew up (a garment), baste, make, prepare, arrange" (12c., Mod.Fr. bâtir "to build"), from Frankish *bastjan "to sew or bind with bast," from P.Gmc. *bastjan "join together with bast" (cf. O.H.G. besten; see bast).

baste
"to soak in gravy, moisten," c.1500, possibly from O.Fr. basser "to moisten," from bassin "basin."

baste
"beat, thrash," 1530s, perhaps from the cookery sense of baste (2) or from some Scandinavian source (e.g. Swedish basa "to beat, flog," bösta "to thump") akin to O.N. beysta "to beat," related to O.E. beatan (see beat).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Don't forget to pack a heatproof brush for basting the chicken, too.
Some pros recommend basting the whites with fat from the pan to help cook them
  through.
Bake thirty minutes in a hot oven, basting every five minutes with one-fourth
  cup butter melted in one-fourth cup boiling water.
For basting use one-half cup butter melted in one-half cup boiling water and
  after this is used baste with fat in pan.
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