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biotechnology

[bahy-oh-tek-nol-uh-jee] /ˌbaɪ oʊ tɛkˈnɒl ə dʒi/
noun
1.
the use of living organisms or other biological systems in the manufacture of drugs or other products or for environmental management, as in waste recycling: includes the use of bioreactors in manufacturing, microorganisms to degrade oil slicks or organic waste, genetically engineered bacteria to produce human hormones, and monoclonal antibodies to identify antigens.
Origin
1940-1945
1940-45; bio- + technology
Related forms
biotechnical
[bahy-oh-tek-ni-kuh l] /ˌbaɪ oʊˈtɛk nɪ kəl/ (Show IPA),
biotechnological
[bahy-oh-tek-nl-oj-i-kuh l] /ˌbaɪ oʊˌtɛk nlˈɒdʒ ɪ kəl/ (Show IPA),
adjective
biotechnologically, adverb
biotechnologist, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for biotechnology
  • Despite appearances, agricultural biotechnology has been a success.
  • The biotechnology field is changing rapidly, and new studies are pouring in all the time.
  • Advances in biotechnology are limiting the damage oil spills inflict, as scientists supercharge bacteria to devour petroleum.
  • In fact, it is the economic and regulatory foundation on which the entire biotechnology industry is built.
  • Not everybody views industrial biotechnology as the missing link in the evolution of the industrial complex.
  • And what we're finding out now, is that there is so much to learn from them in terms of biomedical research and in biotechnology.
  • That, in turn, paved the way for the subsequent boom in molecular biology and biotechnology.
  • The biotechnology industry, after years of promises, is finally starting to bring products to market.
  • Lots of big drugs firms are moving into biotechnology to fill their product pipelines.
  • Advanced the cause of biotechnology by demonstrating its prudent investment value.
British Dictionary definitions for biotechnology

biotechnology

/ˌbaɪəʊtɛkˈnɒlədʒɪ/
noun
1.
(in industry) the technique of using microorganisms, such as bacteria, to perform chemical processing, such as waste recycling, or to produce other materials, such as beer and wine, cheese, antibiotics, and (using genetic engineering) hormones, vaccines, etc
2.
another name for ergonomics
Derived Forms
biotechnological (ˌbaɪəʊˌtɛknəˈlɒdʒɪkəl) adjective
biotechnologically, adverb
biotechnologist, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for biotechnology
n.

also bio-technology, 1947, "use of machinery in relation to human needs;" 1972 in sense of "use of biological processes in industrial production," from bio- + technology.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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biotechnology in Medicine

biotechnology bi·o·tech·nol·o·gy (bī'ō-těk-nŏl'ə-jē)
n.

  1. The use of microorganisms, such as bacteria or yeasts, or biological substances, such as enzymes, to perform specific industrial or manufacturing processes. Applications include production of certain drugs, synthetic hormones, and bulk foodstuffs.

  2. The application of the principles of engineering and technology to the life sciences.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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biotechnology in Science
biotechnology
  (bī'ō-těk-nŏl'ə-jē)   
  1. The use of a living organism to solve an engineering problem or perform an industrial task. Using bacteria that feed on hydrocarbons to clean up an oil spill is one example of biotechnology.

  2. The use of biological substances or techniques to engineer or manufacture a product or substance, as when cells that produce antibodies are cloned in order to study their effects on cancer cells. See more at genetic engineering.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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