any right or privilege to which a person is entitled by birth: Democracy maintains that freedom is a birthright.

1525–35; birth + right Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
birthright (ˈbɜːθˌraɪt)
1.  privileges or possessions that a person has or is believed to be entitled to as soon as he is born
2.  the privileges or possessions of a first-born son
3.  inheritance; patrimony

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1530s, from birth + right. Used as an adj. from 1650s, especially by Quakers.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Bible Dictionary

Birthright definition

(1.) This word denotes the special privileges and advantages belonging to the first-born son among the Jews. He became the priest of the family. Thus Reuben was the first-born of the patriarchs, and so the priesthood of the tribes belonged to him. That honour was, however, transferred by God from Reuben to Levi (Num. 3:12, 13; 8:18). (2.) The first-born son had allotted to him also a double portion of the paternal inheritance (Deut. 21:15-17). Reuben was, because of his undutiful conduct, deprived of his birth-right (Gen. 49:4; 1 Chr. 5:1). Esau transferred his birth-right to Jacob (Gen. 25:33). (3.) The first-born inherited the judicial authority of his father, whatever it might be (2 Chr. 21:3). By divine appointment, however, David excluded Adonijah in favour of Solomon. (4.) The Jews attached a sacred importance to the rank of "first-born" and "first-begotten" as applied to the Messiah (Rom. 8:29; Col. 1:18; Heb. 1:4-6). As first-born he has an inheritance superior to his brethren, and is the alone true priest.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
We seem to regard seven to eight hours of unbroken sleep as our birthright.
They understand that it is their conditions and not their birthright which is
  preventing them from doing a good job.
It also camouflages the significance of his birthright.
Many people were offended by the idea that the presidency could be claimed as a
  birthright, as though it were family property.
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