bloat

[bloht]
verb (used with object)
1.
to expand or distend, as with air, water, etc.; cause to swell: Overeating bloated their bellies.
2.
to puff up; make vain or conceited: The promotion has bloated his ego to an alarming degree.
3.
to cure (fishes) as bloaters.
verb (used without object)
4.
to become swollen; be puffed out or dilated: The carcass started to bloat.
noun
5.
Also called hoven. Veterinary Pathology. (in cattle, sheep, and horses) a distention of the rumen or paunch or of the large colon by gases of fermentation, caused by eating ravenously of green forage, especially legumes.
6.
a person or thing that is bloated.
7.
bloater ( defs 1, 2 ).

Origin:
1250–1300; earlier bloat (adj.) soft, puffy, Middle English blout < Old Norse blautr wet, soft


1. swell, inflate, enlarge, balloon.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
bloat (bləʊt)
 
vb
1.  to swell or cause to swell, as with a liquid, air, or wind
2.  to become or cause to be puffed up, as with conceit
3.  (tr) to cure (fish, esp herring) by half-drying in smoke
 
n
4.  vet science an abnormal distention of the abdomen in cattle, sheep, etc, caused by accumulation of gas in the stomach
 
[C17: probably related to Old Norse blautr soaked, Old English blāt pale]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

bloat
c.1300, originally an adj., "soft, flabby," but by 17c. meaning "puffed up, swollen." Perhaps from O.N. blautr "soaked, soft from being cooked in liquid," possibly from P.Gmc. *blaut-, from PIE *bhleu- "to swell, well up, overflow," an extension of base *bhel- (2) "to blow, swell" (see
bole). Influenced by or combined with O.E. blawan "blow, puff." The verb sense of "to swell" is first attested 1670s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

bloat (blōt)
n.
Abdominal distention due to swallowed air or intestinal gas production.


bloat'ed (blō'tĭd) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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FOLDOC
Computing Dictionary

bloat definition


software bloat

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

bloat

disorder of ruminant animals involving distention of the rumen, the first of the four divisions of the stomach, with gas of fermentation. Bloated cattle are restless and noticeably uncomfortable and have distended left flanks. Bloat often occurs in cattle that have grazed young, lush legumes such as clover or ingested large amounts of concentrate rations. Though deaths have occurred, economic losses from bloat usually derive from reduction in milk production and weight-gain rate. Treatment involves administration of antifoaming agents and relief of pressure by passage of a stomach tube via the esophagus.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
They can improve milk yields, increase livestock weight gain, decrease parasite
  burden and reduce occurrence of bloat.
In the empty field to his right stood two cows suffering from the bloat.
But this makes no distinction at all between muscle and bloat.
Office is a horrible collection of user-hostile bloat.
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