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bloat

[bloht] /bloʊt/
verb (used with object)
1.
to expand or distend, as with air, water, etc.; cause to swell:
Overeating bloated their bellies.
2.
to puff up; make vain or conceited:
The promotion has bloated his ego to an alarming degree.
3.
to cure (fishes) as bloaters.
verb (used without object)
4.
to become swollen; be puffed out or dilated:
The carcass started to bloat.
noun
5.
Also called hoven. Veterinary Pathology. (in cattle, sheep, and horses) a distention of the rumen or paunch or of the large colon by gases of fermentation, caused by eating ravenously of green forage, especially legumes.
6.
a person or thing that is bloated.
7.
bloater (defs 1, 2).
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; earlier bloat (adj.) soft, puffy, Middle English blout < Old Norse blautr wet, soft
Synonyms
1. swell, inflate, enlarge, balloon.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for bloat
  • They can improve milk yields, increase livestock weight gain, decrease parasite burden and reduce occurrence of bloat.
  • The planet's heated gases would have then expanded, causing the world to bloat.
  • Foreclosed homes may be hitting the market at lower rates, but they continue to bloat bank balance sheets.
  • In the empty field to his right stood two cows suffering from the bloat.
  • But this makes no distinction at all between muscle and bloat.
  • Office is a horrible collection of user-hostile bloat.
  • So in other words, there's software bloat and then there's interface.
  • Lost a bit of weight and a whole lot of abdominal bloat.
  • But the feature-bloat we're seeing these days is a bit ridiculous.
  • There's no denying that syllabus bloat is a real phenomenon.
British Dictionary definitions for bloat

bloat

/bləʊt/
verb
1.
to swell or cause to swell, as with a liquid, air, or wind
2.
to become or cause to be puffed up, as with conceit
3.
(transitive) to cure (fish, esp herring) by half-drying in smoke
noun
4.
(vet science) an abnormal distention of the abdomen in cattle, sheep, etc, caused by accumulation of gas in the stomach
Word Origin
C17: probably related to Old Norse blautr soaked, Old English blāt pale
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for bloat
v.

1670s, "to cause to swell" (earlier, in reference to cured fish, "to cause to be soft," 1610s), from now obsolete bloat (adj.), attested from c.1300 as "soft, flabby, flexible, pliable," but by 17c. meaning "puffed up, swollen." Perhaps from a Scandinavian source akin to Old Norse blautr "soaked, soft from being cooked in liquid" (cf. Swedish blöt fisk "soaked fish"), possibly from Proto-Germanic *blaut-, from PIE *bhleu- "to swell, well up, overflow," an extension of root *bhel- (2) "to blow, inflate, swell" (see bole).

Influenced by or combined with Old English blawan "blow, puff." Figurative use by 1711. Intransitive meaning "to swell, to become swollen" is from 1735. Related: Bloated; bloating.

n.

1860 as a disease of livestock, from bloat (v.). Meaning "bloatedness" is from 1905.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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bloat in Medicine

bloat (blōt)
n.
Abdominal distention due to swallowed air or intestinal gas production.


bloat'ed (blō'tĭd) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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bloat in Technology
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Encyclopedia Article for bloat

disorder of ruminant animals involving distention of the rumen, the first of the four divisions of the stomach, with gas of fermentation. Bloated cattle are restless and noticeably uncomfortable and have distended left flanks. Bloat often occurs in cattle that have grazed young, lush legumes such as clover or ingested large amounts of concentrate rations. Though deaths have occurred, economic losses from bloat usually derive from reduction in milk production and weight-gain rate. Treatment involves administration of antifoaming agents and relief of pressure by passage of a stomach tube via the esophagus.

Learn more about bloat with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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