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bloated

[bloh-tid] /ˈbloʊ tɪd/
adjective
1.
swollen; puffed up; overlarge.
2.
excessively vain; conceited.
3.
excessively fat; obese.
Origin
1655-1665
1655-65; bloat + -ed2
Related forms
bloatedness, noun
unbloated, adjective

bloat

[bloht] /bloʊt/
verb (used with object)
1.
to expand or distend, as with air, water, etc.; cause to swell:
Overeating bloated their bellies.
2.
to puff up; make vain or conceited:
The promotion has bloated his ego to an alarming degree.
3.
to cure (fishes) as bloaters.
verb (used without object)
4.
to become swollen; be puffed out or dilated:
The carcass started to bloat.
noun
5.
Also called hoven. Veterinary Pathology. (in cattle, sheep, and horses) a distention of the rumen or paunch or of the large colon by gases of fermentation, caused by eating ravenously of green forage, especially legumes.
6.
a person or thing that is bloated.
7.
bloater (defs 1, 2).
Origin
1250-1300; earlier bloat (adj.) soft, puffy, Middle English blout < Old Norse blautr wet, soft
Synonyms
1. swell, inflate, enlarge, balloon.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for bloated
  • Then he argued that over the decades government has become bloated and lethargic.
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  • The government announces a rescue fund for a bloated banking system.
  • These projects morph into bloated bureaucratic make-work projects.
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  • As for the poor athletic departments, perhaps their own bloated bureaucracy might have a lot to do with their poor fiscal health.
  • bloated farm payments are being scattered far and wide.
  • It is not uncommon to see a bloated copper shark beaching itself in its quest for food.
  • That's because the service has always felt bloated to me.
  • They graze on salty vegetation, so they drink much more than other horses and usually appear bloated or fat.
British Dictionary definitions for bloated

bloated

/ˈbləʊtɪd/
adjective
1.
swollen, as with a liquid, air, or wind
2.
puffed up, as with conceit

bloat

/bləʊt/
verb
1.
to swell or cause to swell, as with a liquid, air, or wind
2.
to become or cause to be puffed up, as with conceit
3.
(transitive) to cure (fish, esp herring) by half-drying in smoke
noun
4.
(vet science) an abnormal distention of the abdomen in cattle, sheep, etc, caused by accumulation of gas in the stomach
Word Origin
C17: probably related to Old Norse blautr soaked, Old English blāt pale
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for bloated
adj.

"overgrown," 1660s, past participle adjective from bloat (v.). Figurative sense by 1711.

bloat

v.

1670s, "to cause to swell" (earlier, in reference to cured fish, "to cause to be soft," 1610s), from now obsolete bloat (adj.), attested from c.1300 as "soft, flabby, flexible, pliable," but by 17c. meaning "puffed up, swollen." Perhaps from a Scandinavian source akin to Old Norse blautr "soaked, soft from being cooked in liquid" (cf. Swedish blöt fisk "soaked fish"), possibly from Proto-Germanic *blaut-, from PIE *bhleu- "to swell, well up, overflow," an extension of root *bhel- (2) "to blow, inflate, swell" (see bole).

Influenced by or combined with Old English blawan "blow, puff." Figurative use by 1711. Intransitive meaning "to swell, to become swollen" is from 1735. Related: Bloated; bloating.

n.

1860 as a disease of livestock, from bloat (v.). Meaning "bloatedness" is from 1905.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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bloated in Medicine

bloat (blōt)
n.
Abdominal distention due to swallowed air or intestinal gas production.


bloat'ed (blō'tĭd) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Slang definitions & phrases for bloated

bloated

adjective

Drunk (1920s+)


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Encyclopedia Article for bloated

bloat

disorder of ruminant animals involving distention of the rumen, the first of the four divisions of the stomach, with gas of fermentation. Bloated cattle are restless and noticeably uncomfortable and have distended left flanks. Bloat often occurs in cattle that have grazed young, lush legumes such as clover or ingested large amounts of concentrate rations. Though deaths have occurred, economic losses from bloat usually derive from reduction in milk production and weight-gain rate. Treatment involves administration of antifoaming agents and relief of pressure by passage of a stomach tube via the esophagus.

Learn more about bloat with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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