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Bourne

[bawrn, bohrn] /bɔrn, boʊrn/
noun
1.
a city in SE Massachusetts.

bourn1

[bawrn, bohrn] /bɔrn, boʊrn/
noun, Scot. and North England
1.
burn2 .
Also, bourne.

burn2

[burn] /bɜrn/
noun, Scot. and North England
1.
a brook or rivulet.
Also, bourn, bourne.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English burne, bourne, Old English burna, brunna brook; cognate with Gothic brunna, Dutch born, bron, German Brunnen, Old Norse brunnr spring
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for bournes

bourn1

/bɔːn/
noun (archaic)
1.
a destination; goal
2.
a boundary
Word Origin
C16: from Old French borne; see bound³

bourn2

/bɔːn/
noun
1.
(mainly Southern English) a stream, esp an intermittent one in chalk areas Compare burn2
Word Origin
C16: from Old French bodne limit; see bound³

burn1

/bɜːn/
verb burns, burning, burnt, burned
1.
to undergo or cause to undergo combustion
2.
to destroy or be destroyed by fire
3.
(transitive) to damage, injure, or mark by heat: he burnt his hand, she was burnt by the sun
4.
to die or put to death by fire: to burn at the stake
5.
(intransitive) to be or feel hot: my forehead burns
6.
to smart or cause to smart: brandy burns one's throat
7.
(intransitive) to feel strong emotion, esp anger or passion
8.
(transitive) to use for the purposes of light, heat, or power: to burn coal
9.
(transitive) to form by or as if by fire: to burn a hole
10.
to char or become charred: the potatoes are burning in the saucepan
11.
(transitive) to brand or cauterize
12.
(transitive) to cut (metal) with an oxygen-rich flame
13.
to produce by or subject to heat as part of a process: to burn charcoal
14.
(transitive) to copy information onto (a CD-ROM)
15.
(astronomy) to convert (a lighter element) to a heavier one by nuclear fusion in a star: to burn hydrogen
16.
(cards, mainly Brit) to discard or exchange (one or more useless cards)
17.
(transitive; usually passive) (informal) to cheat, esp financially
18.
(slang, mainly US) to electrocute or be electrocuted
19.
(transitive) (Austral, slang) to drive fast (esp in the phrase go for a burn)
20.
burn one's bridges, burn one's boats, to commit oneself to a particular course of action with no possibility of turning back
21.
burn the candle at both ends, See candle (sense 3)
22.
burn one's fingers, to suffer from having meddled or been rash
noun
23.
an injury caused by exposure to heat, electrical, chemical, or radioactive agents. Burns are classified according to the depth of tissue affected: first-degree burn: skin surface painful and red; second-degree burn: blisters appear on the skin; third-degree burn: destruction of both epidermis and dermis
24.
a mark, e.g. on wood, caused by burning
25.
a controlled use of rocket propellant, esp for a course correction
26.
a hot painful sensation in a muscle, experienced during vigorous exercise: go for the burn!
27.
(Austral & NZ) a controlled fire to clear an area of scrub
28.
(slang) tobacco or a cigarette
Word Origin
Old English beornan (intr), bærnan (tr); related to Old Norse brenna (tr or intr), Gothic brinnan (intr), Latin fervēre to boil, seethe

burn2

/bɜːn; Scottish bʌrn/
noun
1.
(Scot & Northern English) a small stream; brook
Word Origin
Old English burna; related to Old Norse brunnr spring, Old High German brunno, Lithuanian briáutis to burst forth
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for bournes

bourn

n.

also bourne, "small stream," especially of the winter torrents of the chalk downs, Old English brunna, burna "brook, stream," from Proto-Germanic *brunnoz "spring, fountain" (cf. Old High German brunno, Old Norse brunnr, Old Frisian burna, German Brunnen "fountain," Gothis brunna "well"), ultimately from PIE root *bhreue- "to boil, bubble, effervesce, burn" (see brew (v.)).

"destination," 1520s, from French borne, apparently a variant of bodne (see bound (n.)). Used by Shakespeare in Hamlet's soliloquy (1602), from which it entered into English poetic speech. He meant it probably in the correct sense of "boundary," but it has been taken to mean "goal" (Wordsworth, Matthew Arnold) or sometimes "realm" (Keats).

The dread of something after death, The vndiscouered Countrey; from whose Borne No Traueller returnes. ["Hamlet" III.i.79]

burn

v.

12c., combination of Old Norse brenna "to burn, light," and two originally distinct Old English verbs: bærnan "to kindle" (transitive) and beornan "to be on fire" (intransitive), all from Proto-Germanic *brennan/*branajan (cf. Middle Dutch bernen, Dutch branden, Old High German brinnan, German brennen, Gothic -brannjan "to set on fire"). This perhaps is from PIE *gwher- "to heat, warm" (see warm (adj.)), or from PIE *bhre-n-u, from root *bhreue- "to boil forth, well up" (see brew (v.)). Related: Burned/burnt (see -ed); burning.

Figuratively (of passions, battle, etc.) in Old English. Meaning "cheat, swindle, victimize" is first attested 1650s. In late 18c, slang, burned meant "infected with venereal disease." To burn one's bridges (behind one) "behave so as to destroy any chance of returning to a status quo" (attested by 1892 in Mark Twain), perhaps ultimately is from reckless cavalry raids in the American Civil War. Slavic languages have historically used different and unrelated words for the transitive and intransitive senses of "set fire to"/"be on fire:" cf. Polish palić/gorzeć, Russian žeč'/gorel.

n.

c.1300, "act of burning," from Old English bryne, from the same source as burn (v.). Until mid-16c. the usual spelling was brenne. Meaning "mark made by burning" is from 1520s. Slow burn first attested 1938, in reference to U.S. movie actor Edgar Kennedy (1890-1948), who made it his specialty.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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bournes in Medicine

burn (bûrn)
v. burned or burnt (bûrnt), burn·ing, burns

  1. To undergo or cause to undergo combustion.

  2. To consume or use as fuel or energy.

  3. To damage or injure by fire, heat, radiation, electricity, or a caustic agent.

  4. To irritate or inflame, as by chafing or sunburn.

  5. To become sunburned or windburned.

  6. To metabolize a substance, such as glucose, in the body.

  7. To impart a sensation of intense heat to.

  8. To feel or look hot.

n.
  1. An injury produced by fire, heat, radiation, electricity, or a caustic agent.

  2. A burned place or area.

  3. The process or result of burning.

  4. A stinging sensation.

  5. A sunburn or windburn.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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bournes in Science
burn
  (bûrn)   
Verb  
  1. To be on fire; undergo combustion. A substance burns if it is heated up enough to react chemically with oxygen.

  2. To cause a burn to a bodily tissue.


Noun  Tissue injury caused by fire, heat, radiation (such as sun exposure), electricity, or a caustic chemical agent. Burns are classified according to the degree of tissue damage, which can include redness, blisters, skin edema and loss of sensation. Bacterial infection is a serious and sometimes fatal complication of severe burns.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Slang definitions & phrases for bournes

burn

interjection

An exclamation of delight at a successful insult (1980s+Students)

noun
  1. Becoming angry: He didn't blow up, just did a slow burn (1930s+)
  2. Cheat or swindle: It was a burn, but it didn't start out to be
  3. : I didn't mean it as a burn (mid-1890s+)
verb
  1. To cook or heat food: Let's burn a couple of hot dogs (1950s+)
  2. To put or be put to death in the electric chair; fry (1925+)
  3. To kill; assassinate (1930s+)
  4. To become angry; burn up: I burned but went on singing (1930s+)
  5. To anger; infuriate; PISS someone OFF: You must have done something to burn him (1935+)
  6. To cheat; swindle; victimize; rob; rip off: If you go along with that guy you'll get burned (late 1600s+)
  7. To assault or fight a rival gang or gang member (1950s+ Street gang)
  8. To harass a person relentlessly; hound: I'll burn you right off the force (1950s+)
  9. To insult; put down •This seems to be a spontaneous verb form that coincides with the much older noun: I burned this chick. ''Whereja get those jeans, like Sears or something?''/ The Administration only turned to her after it felt burned by two ''Eastern elitists'' (1970s+ Teenagers & students)
  10. To infect or become infected with a venereal disease (1500s+)
  11. To pass; spend; waste; kill: I'll start a conversation just to burn time/ if it burns tomorrow afternoon
  12. To move very rapidly; speed; barrel: He wasn't just running, he was burning (1880s+)
  13. To perform, esp to improvise, superbly; excel; Be Hot: The cat was getting down and burning (1950s+ Jazz musicians)
  14. To borrow; beg (1970s+)
  15. To throw something, esp a baseball, very fast: He burned the fastball right down the middle (1940s+)
  16. To outdo; outshine in competition: Tony has burned the guy/ the way Dex burned Eddie on that last number
  17. To make a xerographic copy: Will you burn me ten copies of this? (1980s+ Army)
  18. To expose as an informer: Do you really want to spend valuable man-hours trying to find out who burned him? (1950s+ Police)
Related Terms

burnout, do a slow burn


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with bournes
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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