a person who earns a livelihood, especially one who also supports dependents.

1810–20; bread + winner

breadwinning, noun, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
breadwinner (ˈbrɛdˌwɪnə)
a person supporting a family with his or her earnings
n, —adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

also bread-winner, "one who supplies a living for others, esp. a family," 1821, from bread (probably in a literal sense) + win. Attested slightly earlier (1818) in sense "skill or art by which one makes a living." Not too far removed from the image at the root of lord.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
However, few families in the wage economy depend on only one breadwinner.
Many who take the job are widows of fallen officers cast in the role of
But that same lackadaisical guy is the star who talks openly about the burdens
  of being the breadwinner for two labels.
Fathers worried that they were abrogating their responsibilities as breadwinner.
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