brown

[broun]
noun
1.
a dark tertiary color with a yellowish or reddish hue.
2.
Often Offensive. a person whose skin has a dusky or light-brown pigmentation.
adjective, browner, brownest.
3.
of the color brown.
4.
(of animals) having skin, fur, hair, or feathers of that color.
5.
sunburned or tanned.
6.
Often Offensive. (of persons) having the skin naturally pigmented a brown color.
verb (used with object), verb (used without object)
7.
to make or become brown.
8.
to fry, sauté, or scorch slightly in cooking: to brown onions before adding them to the stew. The potatoes browned in the pan.
Verb phrases
9.
brown out, to subject to a brownout: The power failure browned out the southern half of the state.
Idioms
10.
browned off, Slang. angry; fed up.
11.
do it up brown, Informal. to do thoroughly: When they entertain, they really do it up brown.

Origin:
before 1000; Middle English; Old English brūn; cognate with Dutch bruin, German braun, Old Norse brūnn; akin to Lithuanian brúnas brown

brownish, browny, adjective
brownness, noun
overbrown, verb
unbrowned, adjective
well-browned, adjective


Brown as a noun and adjective to describe people with a brownish skin color is often perceived as insulting. Historically it has been used by anthropologists and scientists as a racial and ethnic classification to describe various dark-skinned populations, as in North Africa, the Middle East, Malaysia, and South Asia. It is also a term associated with colonialism. In recent times, brown has been used of Hispanics and South Asians in North America, many of whom self-identify as brown.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
brown (braʊn)
 
n
1.  any of various colours, such as those of wood or earth, produced by low intensity light in the wavelength range 620--585 nanometres
2.  a dye or pigment producing these colours
3.  brown cloth or clothing: dressed in brown
4.  any of numerous mostly reddish-brown butterflies of the genera Maniola, Lasiommata, etc, such as M. jurtina (meadow brown): family Satyridae
 
adj
5.  of the colour brown
6.  (of bread) made from a flour that has not been bleached or bolted, such as wheatmeal or wholemeal flour
7.  deeply tanned or sunburnt
 
vb
8.  to make (esp food as a result of cooking) brown or (esp of food) to become brown
 
[Old English brūn; related to Old Norse brūnn, Old High German brūn, Greek phrunos toad, Sanskrit babhru reddish-brown]
 
'brownish
 
adj
 
'browny
 
adj
 
'brownness
 
n

Brown (braʊn)
 
n
1.  Sir Arthur Whitten (ˈwɪtən). 1886--1948, British aviator who with J.W. Alcock made the first flight across the Atlantic (1919)
2.  Ford Madox. 1821--93, British painter, associated with the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. His paintings include The Last of England (1865) and Work (1865)
3.  George (Alfred), Lord George-Brown. 1914--85, British Labour politician; vice-chairman and deputy leader of the Labour party (1960--70); foreign secretary 1966--68
4.  George Mackay. 1921--96, Scottish poet, novelist, and short-story writer. His works, which include the novels Greenvoe (1972) and Magnus (1973), reflect the history and culture of Orkney
5.  (James) Gordon. born 1951, British Labour politician; Chancellor of the Exchequer (1997--2007); prime minister from 2007
6.  Herbert Charles. 1912--2004, US chemist, who worked on the compounds of boron. Nobel prize for chemistry 1979
7.  James. 1933--2006, US soul singer and songwriter, noted for his dynamic stage performances and for his commitment to Black rights
8.  John. 1800--59, US abolitionist leader, hanged after leading an unsuccessful rebellion of slaves at Harper's Ferry, Virginia
9.  Lancelot, called Capability Brown. 1716--83, British landscape gardener
10.  Michael (Stuart). born 1941, US physician: shared the Nobel prize for physiology or medicine (1985) for work on cholesterol
11.  Robert. 1773--1858, Scottish botanist who was the first to observe the Brownian movement in fluids

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

brown
O.E. brun "dark, dusky," only developing a definite color sense 13c., from P.Gmc. *brunaz (cf. O.N. brunn, Dan. brun, O.Fris., O.H.G. brun, Du. bruin, Ger. braun), from PIE *bher- (3) "shining, brown" (cf. Lith. beras "brown"), related to *bheros "dark animal" (cf.
beaver, bear (n.), and Gk. phrynos "toad," lit. "the brown animal"). The O.E. word also had a sense of "brightness, shining," now preserved only in burnish. The Gmc. word was adopted into Romanic (cf. M.L. brunus, It., Sp. bruno, Fr. brun). Brown-bag (v.) "to bring lunch or liquor in a brown paper bag" is from 1960s. Brown Bess, slang name for old British Army flintlock musket, first recorded 1785.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

Brown (broun), Michael. Born 1941.

American geneticist. He shared a 1985 Nobel Prize for discoveries related to cholesterol metabolism.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences for browns
Despite predictions to the contrary, the browns have fallen in love with chequers.
His success with the browns forced the rest of both leagues to adopt his methods.
The champion browns faced a team of allstars from the other six teams.
Some amber and yellow colors of lower saturation are called light browns.
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