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calk1

[kawk] /kɔk/
verb (used with object), noun
1.

calk2

[kawk] /kɔk/
noun
1.
Also, calkin. a projection on a horseshoe to prevent slipping on ice, pavement, etc.
2.
Also, calker. a similar device on the heel or sole of a shoe to prevent slipping.
verb (used with object)
3.
to provide with calks.
4.
to injure with a calk.
Origin of calk2
1580-1590
1580-90; perhaps a back formation from calkin, taken as a verb calk + -in present participle suffix (Middle English -inde), confused with -ing2

caulk

[kawk] /kɔk/
verb (used with object)
1.
to fill or close seams or crevices of (a tank, window, etc.) in order to make watertight, airtight, etc.
2.
to make (a vessel) watertight by filling the seams between the planks with oakum or other material driven snug.
3.
to fill or close (a seam, joint, etc.), as in a boat.
4.
to drive the edges of (plating) together to prevent leakage.
noun
5.
Also, caulking
[kaw-king] /ˈkɔ kɪŋ/ (Show IPA)
. a material or substance used for caulking.
Origin
1350-1400; < Latin calcāre to trample, tread on (verbal derivative of calx heel), conflated with Middle English cauken < Old French cauquer to trample < Latin, as above
Can be confused
calk, caulk.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for calk

calk1

/kɔːk/
verb
1.
a variant spelling of caulk

calk2

/kɔːk/
noun
1.
a metal projection on a horse's shoe to prevent slipping
2.
(mainly US & Canadian) a set of spikes or a spiked plate attached to the sole of a boot, esp by loggers, to prevent slipping
verb (transitive)
3.
to provide with calks
4.
to wound with a calk
Word Origin
C17: from Latin calx heel

calk3

/kɔːk/
verb
1.
(transitive) to transfer (a design) by tracing it with a blunt point from one sheet backed with loosely fixed colouring matter onto another placed underneath
Word Origin
C17: from French calquer to trace; see calque

caulk

/kɔːk/
verb
1.
to stop up (cracks, crevices, etc) with a filler
2.
(nautical) to pack (the seams) between the planks of the bottom of (a vessel) with waterproof material to prevent leakage
Derived Forms
caulker, calker, noun
Word Origin
C15: from Old Northern French cauquer to press down, from Latin calcāre to trample, from calx heel
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for calk

caulk

v.

late 14c., "to stop up crevices or cracks," from Old North French cauquer, from Late Latin calicare "to stop up chinks with lime," from Latin calx (2) "lime, limestone" (see chalk). Original sense is nautical, of making ships watertight. Related: Caulked; caulking. As a noun, "caulking material," by 1980 (caulking in this sense was used from 1743). Related: Caulker.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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