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calk1

[kawk] /kɔk/
verb (used with object), noun
1.

calk2

[kawk] /kɔk/
noun
1.
Also, calkin. a projection on a horseshoe to prevent slipping on ice, pavement, etc.
2.
Also, calker. a similar device on the heel or sole of a shoe to prevent slipping.
verb (used with object)
3.
to provide with calks.
4.
to injure with a calk.
Origin of calk2
1580-1590
1580-90; perhaps a back formation from calkin, taken as a verb calk + -in present participle suffix (Middle English -inde), confused with -ing2

caulk

or calk

[kawk] /kɔk/
verb (used with object)
1.
to fill or close seams or crevices of (a tank, window, etc.) in order to make watertight, airtight, etc.
2.
to make (a vessel) watertight by filling the seams between the planks with oakum or other material driven snug.
3.
to fill or close (a seam, joint, etc.), as in a boat.
4.
to drive the edges of (plating) together to prevent leakage.
noun
5.
Also, caulking
[kaw-king] /ˈkɔ kɪŋ/ (Show IPA)
. a material or substance used for caulking.
Origin
1350-1400; < Latin calcāre to trample, tread on (verbal derivative of calx heel), conflated with Middle English cauken < Old French cauquer to trample < Latin, as above
Can be confused
calk, caulk.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for calk
Historical Examples
  • If so, make them tight with batten strips or, if very loose, calk them with oakum.

    If You're Going to Live in the Country Thomas H. Ormsbee and Richmond Huntley
  • Then it was decided to take part of the cargo out and calk her topsides.

    Youth Joseph Conrad
  • There can be grouped in the class of infectious affections such conditions as nail pricks, calk wounds and canker.

    Lameness of the Horse John Victor Lacroix
  • The calk of the iron shoe was left sticking in the barn door.

  • And I calk'late, square, he'd been a drinkin', he kinder looked and talked that way.

  • The more I calk up the sources, and the tighter I get, the more I leak wisdom.

    Roughing It Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens)
  • We need that in our boat—if it ever gets calm enough to calk it, declared Abe.

    Tom Fairfield at Sea Allen Chapman
  • I can calk the seams with some of our clothes, and part of the sail cloth.

    Tom Fairfield at Sea Allen Chapman
  • My first impulse was to calk up the throat of M. Mondet with several sheets of his abominable assurances.

    She Buildeth Her House Will Comfort
  • Sprinkle a little on the calk, heat it in the fire, watch the fire.

British Dictionary definitions for calk

calk1

/kɔːk/
verb
1.
a variant spelling of caulk

calk2

/kɔːk/
noun
1.
a metal projection on a horse's shoe to prevent slipping
2.
(mainly US & Canadian) a set of spikes or a spiked plate attached to the sole of a boot, esp by loggers, to prevent slipping
verb (transitive)
3.
to provide with calks
4.
to wound with a calk
Word Origin
C17: from Latin calx heel

calk3

/kɔːk/
verb
1.
(transitive) to transfer (a design) by tracing it with a blunt point from one sheet backed with loosely fixed colouring matter onto another placed underneath
Word Origin
C17: from French calquer to trace; see calque

caulk

/kɔːk/
verb
1.
to stop up (cracks, crevices, etc) with a filler
2.
(nautical) to pack (the seams) between the planks of the bottom of (a vessel) with waterproof material to prevent leakage
Derived Forms
caulker, calker, noun
Word Origin
C15: from Old Northern French cauquer to press down, from Latin calcāre to trample, from calx heel
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for calk

caulk

v.

late 14c., "to stop up crevices or cracks," from Old North French cauquer, from Late Latin calicare "to stop up chinks with lime," from Latin calx (2) "lime, limestone" (see chalk). Original sense is nautical, of making ships watertight. Related: Caulked; caulking. As a noun, "caulking material," by 1980 (caulking in this sense was used from 1743). Related: Caulker.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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