calk

1 [kawk]
verb (used with object), noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged

calk

2 [kawk]
noun
1.
Also, calkin. a projection on a horseshoe to prevent slipping on ice, pavement, etc. See illus. under horseshoe.
2.
Also, calker. a similar device on the heel or sole of a shoe to prevent slipping.
verb (used with object)
3.
to provide with calks.
4.
to injure with a calk.

Origin:
1580–90; perhaps a back formation from calkin, taken as a verb calk + -in present participle suffix (Middle English -inde), confused with -ing2

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
calk1 (kɔːk)
 
vb
a variant spelling of caulk

calk or calkin2 (kɔːk, ˈkɔːkɪn, ˈkæl-)
 
n
1.  a metal projection on a horse's shoe to prevent slipping
2.  chiefly (US), (Canadian) a set of spikes or a spiked plate attached to the sole of a boot, esp by loggers, to prevent slipping
 
vb
3.  to provide with calks
4.  to wound with a calk
 
[C17: from Latin calx heel]
 
calkin or calkin2
 
n
 
vb
 
[C17: from Latin calx heel]

calk3 (kɔːk)
 
vb
(tr) to transfer (a design) by tracing it with a blunt point from one sheet backed with loosely fixed colouring matter onto another placed underneath
 
[C17: from French calquer to trace; see calque]

caulk or calk (kɔːk)
 
vb
1.  to stop up (cracks, crevices, etc) with a filler
2.  nautical to pack (the seams) between the planks of the bottom of (a vessel) with waterproof material to prevent leakage
 
[C15: from Old Northern French cauquer to press down, from Latin calcāre to trample, from calx heel]
 
calk or calk
 
vb
 
[C15: from Old Northern French cauquer to press down, from Latin calcāre to trample, from calx heel]
 
'caulker or calk
 
n
 
'calker or calk
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Example sentences
In former times, when vessels were often careened for repairs, it was difficult to calk and pay this seam before the tide turned.
Calk soled boots are acceptable when they are required for the employee's job.
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