capsicum

capsicum

[kap-si-kuhm]
noun
1.
any plant of the genus Capsicum, of the nightshade family, as C. annuum, the common pepper of the garden, occurring in many varieties.
2.
the fruit of such a plant or some preparation of it, used as a condiment and intestinal stimulant.

Origin:
1655–65; < Neo-Latin, equivalent to Latin caps(a) case2 + -icum, neuter of -icus -ic

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World English Dictionary
capsicum (ˈkæpsɪkəm)
 
n
1.  any tropical American plant of the solanaceous genus Capsicum, such as C. frutescens, having mild or pungent seeds enclosed in a pod-shaped or bell-shaped fruit
2.  the fruit of any of these plants, used as a vegetable or ground to produce a condiment
 
[C18: from New Latin, from Latin capsa box, case²]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

capsicum
1664, genus of pepper plants, of unknown origin, said to have been chosen by Fr. botanist Joseph Pitton de Tournefort (16561708) and generally connected with L. capsa "box" (see case (2)).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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