[kar-uh-muh-lahyz, kahr-muh-]
verb (used with object), verb (used without object), caramelized, caramelizing.
to convert or be converted into caramel.
Also, especially British, caramelise.

1720–30; caramel + -ize

caramelization, noun
uncaramelized, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
caramelize or caramelise (ˈkærəməˌlaɪz)
to convert or be converted into caramel
caramelise or caramelise

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1842, from caramel + -ize. Earlier was carameled (1727).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Caramelize two tablespoons sugar, add butter and water, and boil two minutes.
Caramelize sugar, add boiling water, and cook until syrup is reduced to
  one-third cup.
Caramelize one-half of the sugar, and add slowly to two cups of the cream
Caramelize the shallot in the pancetta fat, add the wine and geranium leaves,
  and boil until it cooks down to a syrup.
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