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carat

[kar-uh t] /ˈkær ət/
noun
1.
a unit of weight in gemstones, 200 milligrams (about 3 grains of troy or avoirdupois weight).
Abbreviation: c., ct.
2.
Origin
1545-1555
1545-55; < Medieval Latin carratus (used by alchemists) < Arabic qīrāṭ weight of 4 grains < Greek kerátion carob bean, weight of 3.333 grains, literally, little horn, equivalent to kerat- (stem of kéras) horn + -ion diminutive suffix
Can be confused
carat, caret, carrot, karat.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for carat
  • The diamond industry could charge double or triple the per carat price of these super-deep diamonds if properly marketed.
  • Also there is a company that takes a diamond seed and creates up to two carat diamonds.
  • Instead, let's worry about the old bugaboo of drugs and gangs, that hundred-carat headline.
  • It can be tricky, though, because a high-carat-weight stone may not look large.
  • The basic unit for weighing gemstones is the carat, which is equal to one-fifth of a gram.
  • If the diamond's weight is described in decimal parts of a carat, the figure should be accurate to the last decimal place.
  • carat weight may be described in decimal or fractional parts of a carat.
British Dictionary definitions for carat

carat

/ˈkærət/
noun
1.
a measure of the weight of precious stones, esp diamonds. It was formerly defined as 3.17 grains, but the international carat is now standardized as 0.20 grams
2.
Usual US spelling karat. a measure of the proportion of gold in an alloy, expressed as the number of parts of gold in 24 parts of the alloy
Word Origin
C16: from Old French, from Medieval Latin carratus, from Arabic qīrāt weight of four grains, carat, from Greek keration a little horn, from keras horn
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for carat
carat
1469, from M.Fr. carat, from It. carato, from Arabic qirat "pod, husk, weight of 4 grains," from Gk. keration "carob seed," lit. "little horn" dim. of keras "horn." Carob beans were a standard for weighing small quantities. As a measure of diamond weight, from 1575. The Gk. measure was the equivalent of the Roman siliqua, which was one-twentyfourth of a golden solidus of Constantine; hence the word took on a sense of "a proportion of one twentyfourth" and became a measure of gold purity (1555). Eighteen carat gold is eighteen parts gold, six parts alloy. It is unlikely that the carat was ever a measure of weight for gold.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for carat

unit of weight for diamonds and certain other precious gems. Before 1913 the weight of a carat varied in different gem centres. Originally based on the weight of grains or leguminous seeds, which, of course, varied in size from place to place, the carat was equivalent to 0.2053 gram (3.168 troy grains) in London, 0.1972 g in Florence, and 0.2057 g in Amsterdam. The weight of a gemstone was calculated in terms of whole carats plus fractions (12, 14, 18, 116, 132, or 164) of a carat; thus, a stone might be said to weigh 3 + 14 + 116 carats. After various unsuccessful attempts to standardize the carat, the metric carat, equal to 0.200 g, and the point, equal to 0.01 carat, were adopted by the United States in 1913 and subsequently by most other countries. The weights of diamond, ruby, sapphire, emerald, topaz, aquamarine, garnet, tourmaline, zircon, spinel, and sometimes opal and pearl are expressed in carats

Learn more about carat with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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