a red or reddish variety of chalcedony, used in jewelry.
Also, cornelian.

1685–95; variant (with a of carnation) of cornelian, Middle English cornel(ine) (< Middle French, probably equivalent to Old French cornele cornel cherry + -ine -ine1) + -ian Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
carnelian (kɑːˈniːljən)
a red or reddish-yellow translucent variety of chalcedony, used as a gemstone
[C17: variant of cornelian, from Old French corneline, of uncertain origin; car- spelling influenced by Latin carneus flesh-coloured]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

"red variety of chalcedony," variant of cornelian, alt. by infl. of M.L. carneolus because of its flesh-color.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences for carnelian
Similar to carnelian is sard, which is generally harder and darker.
Similar to carnelian is sard, which is brown rather than red.
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