verb (used with object), castrated, castrating.
to remove the testes of; emasculate; geld.
to remove the ovaries of.
Psychology. to render impotent, literally or metaphorically, by psychological means, especially by threatening a person's masculinity or femininity.
to deprive of strength, power, or efficiency; weaken: Without those ten new submarines, our navy will be castrated.
a castrated person or animal.

1605–15; < Latin castrātus past participle of castrāre to geld, equivalent to castr- geld + -ātus -ate1

castration, noun
castrator, noun
uncastrated, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
castrate (kæˈstreɪt)
1.  to remove the testicles of; emasculate; geld
2.  to deprive of vigour, masculinity, etc
3.  to remove the ovaries of; spay
4.  to expurgate or censor (a book, play, etc)
[C17: from Latin castrāre to emasculate, geld]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1613, from castration (q.v.). The fig. sense is attested earlier (1554). Castrated is recorded from 1613.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

castrate cas·trate (kās'trāt')
v. cas·trat·ed, cas·trat·ing, cas·trates

  1. To remove the testicles of a male; emasculate.

  2. To remove the ovaries of a female; spay.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
After a few moments the tape cut to two males, one perinatally castrated and injected with estrogen, one unaltered.
Remember that at the height of infection, almost half of its body is made up of parasites and it has been castrated.
Despite having been castrated, the crab doesn't lose its urge to nurture.
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