catachresis

catachresis

[kat-uh-kree-sis]
noun
misuse or strained use of words, as in a mixed metaphor, occurring either in error or for rhetorical effect.

Origin:
1580–90; < Latin < Greek: a misuse (akin to katachrêsthai to misuse), equivalent to kata- cata- + chrêsis use (chrê(sthai) to use, need + -sis -sis)

catachrestic [kat-uh-kres-tik] , catachrestical, adjective
catachrestically, adverb
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World English Dictionary
catachresis (ˌkætəˈkriːsɪs)
 
n
the incorrect use of words, as luxuriant for luxurious
 
[C16: from Latin, from Greek katakhrēsis a misusing, from katakhrēsthai, from khrēsthai to use]
 
catachrestic
 
adj
 
cata'chrestical
 
adj
 
cata'chrestically
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

catachresis
1589, from L. catachresis, from Gk. katakhresis "misuse" (of a word), from katakhresthai "to misuse," from kata- "down" (here with a sense of "perversion") + khresthai "to use" (see hortatory).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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