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chain

[cheyn] /tʃeɪn/
noun
1.
a series of objects connected one after the other, usually in the form of a series of metal rings passing through one another, used either for various purposes requiring a flexible tie with high tensile strength, as for hauling, supporting, or confining, or in various ornamental and decorative forms.
2.
Often, chains. something that binds or restrains; bond:
the chain of timidity; the chains of loyalty.
3.
chains.
  1. shackles or fetters:
    to place a prisoner in chains.
  2. bondage; servitude:
    to live one's life in chains.
  3. Nautical. (in a sailing vessel) the area outboard at the foot of the shrouds of a mast: the customary position of the leadsman in taking soundings.
  4. tire chain.
4.
a series of things connected or following in succession:
a chain of events.
5.
a range of mountains.
6.
a number of similar establishments, as banks, theaters, or hotels, under one ownership or management.
7.
Chemistry. two or more atoms of the same element, usually carbon, attached as in a chain.
Compare ring1 (def 17).
8.
Surveying, Civil Engineering.
  1. a distance-measuring device consisting of a chain of 100 links of equal length, having a total length either of 66 feet (20 meters) (Gunter's chain or surveyor's chain) or of 100 feet (30 meters) (engineer's chain)
  2. a unit of length equal to either of these.
  3. a graduated steel tape used for distance measurements.
    Abbreviation: ch.
9.
Mathematics, totally ordered set.
10.
Football. a chain 10 yards (9 meters) in length for determining whether a first down has been earned.
verb (used with object)
11.
to fasten or secure with a chain:
to chain a dog to a post.
12.
to confine or restrain:
His work chained him to his desk.
13.
Surveying. to measure (a distance on the ground) with a chain or tape.
14.
Computers. to link (related items, as records in a file or portions of a program) together, especially so that items can be run in sequence.
15.
to make (a chain stitch or series of chain stitches), as in crocheting.
verb (used without object)
16.
to form or make a chain.
Idioms
17.
drag the chain, Australian Slang. to lag behind or shirk one's fair share of work.
18.
in the chains, Nautical. standing outboard on the channels or in some similar place to heave the lead to take soundings.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English chayne < Old French chaeine < Latin catēna fetter; see catena
Related forms
chainless, adjective
chainlike, adjective
interchain, verb (used with object)
unchained, adjective
Synonyms
4. sequence, succession, train, set.

Chain

[cheyn] /tʃeɪn/
noun
1.
Sir Ernst Boris
[urnst,, ernst] /ɜrnst,, ɛrnst/ (Show IPA),
1906–79, English biochemist, born in Germany: Nobel Prize in Medicine 1945.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for chain
  • The martingales are often the strongest stays on a ship, and often constructed of chain.
  • Early cephalopods were likely predators near the top of the food chain.
British Dictionary definitions for chain

chain

/tʃeɪn/
noun
1.
a flexible length of metal links, used for confining, connecting, pulling, etc, or in jewellery
2.
(usually pl) anything that confines, fetters, or restrains the chains of poverty
3.
(usually pl) Also called snow chains. a set of metal links that fit over the tyre of a motor vehicle to increase traction and reduce skidding on an icy surface
4.
  1. a number of establishments such as hotels, shops, etc, having the same owner or management
  2. (as modifier) a chain store
5.
a series of related or connected facts, events, etc
6.
a series of deals in which each depends on a purchaser selling before being able to buy
7.
(of reasoning) a sequence of arguments each of which takes the conclusion of the preceding as a premise See (as an example) sorites
8.
Also called Gunter's chain. a unit of length equal to 22 yards
9.
Also called engineer's chain. a unit of length equal to 100 feet
10.
(chem) two or more atoms or groups bonded together so that the configuration of the resulting molecule, ion, or radical resembles a chain See also open chain, ring1 (sense 18)
11.
(geography) a series of natural features, esp approximately parallel mountain ranges
12.
(Austral & NZ, informal) off the chain, free from responsibility
13.
(informal) jerk someone's chain, yank someone's chain, to tease, mislead, or harass someone
verb
14.
(surveying) to measure with a chain or tape
15.
(transitive) often foll by up. to confine, tie, or make fast with or as if with a chain
16.
to sew using chain stitch
Word Origin
C13: from Old French chaine, ultimately from Latin; see catena

Chain

/tʃeɪn/
noun
1.
Sir Ernst Boris. 1906–79, British biochemist, born in Germany: purified and adapted penicillin for clinical use; with Fleming and Florey shared the Nobel prize for physiology or medicine 1945
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for chain
chain
c.1300, from O.Fr. chaeine, from L. catena "chain," from PIE base *kat- "to twist, twine." The verb is attested from late 14c. Chain of stores is Amer.Eng., 1846. Chain letter first recorded 1906.
"In 1896, Miss Audrey Griffin, of Hurstville, New South Wales initiated a 'chain letter' with the object of obtaining 1,000,000 used postage stamps." ["Daily Chronicle," July 27, 1906]
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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chain in Medicine

chain (chān)
n.

  1. A group of atoms covalently bonded in a spatial configuration like links in a chain.

  2. A linear arrangement of living things such as cells or bacteria.

Chain (chān), Ernst Boris. 1906-1979.

German-born British biochemist. He shared a 1945 Nobel Prize for isolating and purifying penicillin, discovered in 1928 by Sir Alexander Fleming.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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chain in Science
chain
  (chān)   
A group of atoms, often of the same element, bound together in a line, branched line, or ring to form a molecule. ◇ In a straight chain, each of the constituent atoms is attached to other single atoms, not to groups of atoms. ◇ In a branched chain, side groups are attached to the chain. ◇ In a closed chain, the atoms are arranged in the shape of a ring.
Chain, Sir Ernst Boris 1906-1979.  
German-born British bacteriologist who, with Howard Florey, developed and purified penicillin in 1939. For this work, they shared a 1945 Nobel Prize with Alexander Fleming, who first discovered the antibiotic in 1928.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Slang definitions & phrases for chain
The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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chain in Technology


1. (From BASIC's "CHAIN" statement) To pass control to a child or successor without going through the operating system command interpreter that invoked you. The state of the parent program is lost and there is no returning to it. Though this facility used to be common on memory-limited microcomputers and is still widely supported for backward compatibility, the jargon usage is semi-obsolescent; in particular, Unix calls this exec.
Compare with the more modern "subshell".
2. A series of linked data areas within an operating system or application program. "Chain rattling" is the process of repeatedly running through the linked data areas searching for one which is of interest. The implication is that there are many links in the chain.
3. A possibly infinite, non-decreasing sequence of elements of some total ordering, S
x0 <= x1 <= x2 ...
A chain satisfies:
for all x,y in S, x <= y \/ y <= x.
I.e. any two elements of a chain are related.
("<=" is written in LaTeX as \sqsubseteq).
[Jargon File]
(1995-02-03)

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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chain in the Bible

(1.) A part of the insignia of office. A chain of gold was placed about Joseph's neck (Gen. 41:42); and one was promised to Daniel (5:7). It is used as a symbol of sovereignty (Ezek. 16:11). The breast-plate of the high-priest was fastened to the ephod by golden chains (Ex. 39:17, 21). (2.) It was used as an ornament (Prov. 1:9; Cant. 1:10). The Midianites adorned the necks of their camels with chains (Judg. 8:21, 26). (3.) Chains were also used as fetters wherewith prisoners were bound (Judg. 16:21; 2 Sam. 3:34; 2 Kings 25:7; Jer. 39:7). Paul was in this manner bound to a Roman soldier (Acts 28:20; Eph. 6:20; 2 Tim. 1:16). Sometimes, for the sake of greater security, the prisoner was attached by two chains to two soldiers, as in the case of Peter (Acts 12:6).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Idioms and Phrases with chain
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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10
11
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