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champaign

[sham-peyn] /ʃæmˈpeɪn/
noun
1.
level, open country; plain.
2.
Obsolete. a battlefield.
adjective
3.
level and open:
champaign fields.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English champai(g)ne < Middle French champa(i)gne < Latin campānia; see campaign
Can be confused
champagne, champaign.

Champaign

[sham-peyn] /ʃæmˈpeɪn/
noun
1.
a city in E Illinois, adjoining Urbana.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for champaign

champaign

/ʃæmˈpeɪn/
noun
1.
Also called campagna. an expanse of open level or gently undulating country
2.
an obsolete word for battlefield
Word Origin
C14: from Old French champaigne, from Late Latin campānia; see campaign
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for champaign
n.

"open country, plain," c.1400, from Old French champagne "country, countryside," from Latin campania "plain, level country," especially that near Rome (see campaign (n.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for champaign

Champaign

city, Champaign county, east-central Illinois, U.S. Lying about 135 miles (220 km) southwest of Chicago, it adjoins Urbana (east), with which it shares the main campus of the University of Illinois. The cities are often called Champaign-Urbana. In 1854 Illinois Central Railroad tracks were laid and a depot built 2 miles (3 km) west of Urbana. In 1855 a bill incorporating Urbana included the depot within its limits, but citizens of the depot area fought successfully to remain separate. The settlement around the depot was known as West Urbana, and in 1860 it was renamed for the county (which in 1833 had derived its name from Champaign county, Ohio)

Learn more about Champaign with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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