champerty

[cham-per-tee]
noun Law.
a sharing in the proceeds of litigation by one who agrees with either the plaintiff or defendant to help promote it or carry it on.

Origin:
1300–50; Middle English champartie, equivalent to champart (< Middle French: share of the produce, literally, of the field, equivalent to champ field (see camp1) + part share, see part) + -ie -y3

champertous, adjective
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World English Dictionary
champerty (ˈtʃæmpətɪ)
 
n , pl -ties
law See also maintenance (formerly) an illegal bargain between a party to litigation and an outsider whereby the latter agrees to pay for the action and thereby share in any proceeds recovered
 
[C14: from Anglo-French champartie, from Old French champart share of produce, from champ field + part share (a feudal lord's)]
 
'champertous
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Example sentences
Champerty usually arises as an affirmative defense to an action on the promissory note.
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