a large, smooth twist, roll, or knot of hair, worn by women at the nape of the neck or the back of the head.
Origin: 1775–85; < French: nape, roll of hair at nape, blend of Middle Frenchchaignon (variant of chainon link, equivalent to chainechain + -on noun suffix) and tignon twist of hair (tigne (< Latintinea worm) + -on noun suffix)
"knot or coil of hair worn at the back of the neck," from Fr. chignon "nape of the neck," from O.Fr. chaaignon (12c.), from V.L. *catenione, dim. of L. catena "chain, fetter, restraint" (see chain). Popular 1780s, 1870s, 1940s.