[sheen-yon, sheen-yuhn; French shee-nyawn]
noun, plural chignons [sheen-yonz, sheen-yuhnz; French shee-nyawn] .
a large, smooth twist, roll, or knot of hair, worn by women at the nape of the neck or the back of the head.

1775–85; < French: nape, roll of hair at nape, blend of Middle French chaignon (variant of chainon link, equivalent to chaine chain + -on noun suffix) and tignon twist of hair (tigne (< Latin tinea worm) + -on noun suffix)

chignoned, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
chignon (ˈʃiːnjɒn, French ʃiɲɔ̃)
an arrangement of long hair in a roll or knot at the back of the head
[C18: from French, from Old French chaignon link, from chainechain; influenced also by Old French tignon coil of hair, from tigne, moth, from Latin tinea moth]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

"knot or coil of hair worn at the back of the neck," from Fr. chignon "nape of the neck," from O.Fr. chaaignon (12c.), from V.L. *catenione, dim. of L. catena "chain, fetter, restraint" (see chain). Popular 1780s, 1870s, 1940s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
She was wearing a green linen dress, and her blond hair was wound into a chignon.
Her ashy-blond hair, still damp from the shower, had been brushed back neatly from her face and fastened into a chignon.
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