chorea

chorea

[kuh-ree-uh, kaw-, koh-]
noun Pathology.
1.
any of several diseases of the nervous system characterized by jerky, involuntary movements, chiefly of the face and extremities.
2.
Also called St. Vitus's dance. such a disease occurring chiefly in children and associated with rheumatic fever.
3.
Veterinary Pathology. a disease of the central nervous system caused by bacterial or organic degeneration, most common in dogs following canine distemper, characterized by irregular, jerky, involuntary muscular movements.

Origin:
1680–90; < Greek choreía a dance, equivalent to chor(ós) chorus + -eia -y3

choreal, choreic, choreatic [kawr-ee-at-ik, kohr-] , adjective
choreoid [kawr-ee-oid, kohr-] , adjective

chorea, Korea.
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World English Dictionary
chorea (kɒˈrɪə)
 
n
Huntington's disease See Sydenham's chorea a disorder of the central nervous system characterized by uncontrollable irregular brief jerky movements
 
[C19: from New Latin, from Latin: dance, from Greek khoreia, from khoros dance; see chorus]
 
cho'real
 
adj
 
cho'reic
 
adj

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

chorea
1806, from Mod.L. chorea Sancti Viti "St. Vitus dance" (originally a mass hysteria in 15c. Europe characterized by uncontrolled dancing; extension to the nerve disorder is from 1621), from L. chorea, from Gk. khoreia "dance."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

chorea cho·re·a (kô-rē'ə, kə-)
n.
Irregular, spasmodic, involuntary movements of the limbs or facial muscles.


cho·re'al or cho·re'ic adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
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