9 Grammatical Pitfalls


[kron-ik] /ˈkrɒn ɪk/
constant; habitual; inveterate:
a chronic liar.
continuing a long time or recurring frequently:
a chronic state of civil war.
having long had a disease, habit, weakness, or the like:
a chronic invalid.
(of a disease) having long duration (opposed to acute).
Slang. cronic.
Origin of chronic
1595-1605; < Latin chronicus < Greek chronikós, equivalent to chrón(os) time + -ikos -ic
Related forms
chronically, adverb
[kro-nis-i-tee] /krɒˈnɪs ɪ ti/ (Show IPA),
nonchronic, adjective
nonchronical, adjective
nonchronically, adverb
subchronic, adjective
subchronical, adjective
subchronically, adverb
unchronic, adjective
unchronically, adverb
Can be confused
acute, chronic.
1. confirmed, hardened. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for chronically
  • It can speed development of such courses, a task for which funds are in chronically short supply.
  • It turned out my iron levels, while always chronically low, had dipped to outright dangerous levels.
  • She's a therapist and professional organizer who works with chronically disorganized people.
  • About half of my department is similar in terms of being chronically disorganized and always late.
  • It seems trivial, but as somebody chronically single and childless, my two cats and my dog are my family.
  • My partner is chronically ill, and has been since my second year on the tenure track as well.
  • The fact is athletics operate in the red chronically, and do not return any money to the general fund.
  • They're underpaid, overworked, and chronically blamed.
  • There was also something about what might have been addiction, and that's a chronically ruinous thing.
  • Dad is chronically broke, a condition likely not unrelated to his stashing disorder.
British Dictionary definitions for chronically


continuing for a long time; constantly recurring
(of a disease) developing slowly, or of long duration Compare acute (sense 7)
inveterate; habitual: a chronic smoker
  1. very bad: the play was chronic
  2. very serious: he left her in a chronic condition
Derived Forms
chronically, adverb
chronicity (krɒˈnɪsɪtɪ) noun
Word Origin
C15: from Latin chronicus relating to time, from Greek khronikos, from khronos time
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for chronically



early 15c., of diseases, "lasting a long time," from Middle French chronique, from Latin chronicus, from Greek khronikos "of time, concerning time," from khronos "time" (see chrono-). Vague disapproving sense (from 17c.) is from association with diseases and later addictions.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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chronically in Medicine

chronic chron·ic (krŏn'ĭk)
Of long duration. Used of a disease of slow progress and long continuance.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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chronically in Science
Relating to an illness or medical condition that is characterized by long duration or frequent recurrence. Diabetes and hypertension are chronic diseases. Compare acute.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Slang definitions & phrases for chronically



Marijuana; pot: Smoking a spliff of high-octane chronic (1990s+)

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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