What is the X in X-mas?
c.1300, cronicle, from Anglo-French cronicle, from Old French cronique "chronicle" (Modern French chronique), from Latin chronica (neuter plural mistaken for fem. singular), from Greek ta khronika (biblia) "the (books of) annals, chronology," neuter plural of khronikos "of time." Ending modified in Anglo-French, perhaps by influence of article. Old English had cranic "chronicle," cranicwritere "chronicler." The classical -h- was restored in English from 16c.
c.1400, croniclen, from chronicle (n.). Related: Chronicled; chronicling.
a usually continuous historical account of events arranged in order of time without analysis or interpretation. Examples of such accounts date from Greek and Roman times, but the best-known chronicles were written or compiled in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. These were composed in prose or verse, and, in addition to providing valuable information about the period they covered, they were used as sources by William Shakespeare and other playwrights. Examples include the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia regum Britanniae (History of the Kings of Britain), Andrew of Wyntoun's Orygynale Cronykil, and Raphael Holinshed's Chronicles of England, Scotlande, and Irelande. The word is from the Middle English cronicle, which is thought to have been ultimately derived from the Greek chronos, "time."