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churning

[chur-ning] /ˈtʃɜr nɪŋ/
noun
1.
the act of a person or thing that churns.
2.
the butter made at any one time.
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English chyrnynge. See churn, -ing1

churn

[churn] /tʃɜrn/
noun
1.
a container or machine in which cream or milk is agitated to make butter.
2.
any of various containers or machines similar in shape or action to a butter churn, as a device for mixing beverages.
3.
British. a large milk can.
4.
an act of churning stocks by a stockbroker.
verb (used with object)
5.
to agitate in order to make into butter:
to churn cream.
6.
to make (butter) by the agitation of cream.
7.
to shake or agitate with violence or continued motion:
The storm churned the sea.
8.
to turn over and over in the mind:
His brain slowly churned all the choices and possibilities.
9.
(of a stockbroker) to trade (a customer's securities) excessively in order to earn more in commissions.
verb (used without object)
10.
to operate a churn.
11.
to move or shake in agitation, as a liquid or any loose matter:
The leaves churned along the ground.
12.
to be changing rapidly or be in a confused state:
Her emotions churned as she viewed the horrific photos.
13.
to have a queasy feeling, as from anxiety or disgust:
My insides were churning at the thought of being on stage.
14.
(of a stockbroker) to engage in the practice of churning.
Verb phrases
15.
churn out, to produce mechanically, hurriedly, or routinely:
He was hired to churn out verses for greeting cards.
Origin
before 1000; Middle English chirne (noun), Old English cyrne cyr(i)n; cognate with Middle Low German kerne, Old Norse kjarni, kirna
Related forms
churnable, adjective
churnability, noun
churner, noun
unchurn, verb (used with object)
unchurned, adjective
well-churned, adjective
Synonyms
7. whip, toss, convulse.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for churning
  • churning involves excessive trading in an account by a broker to generate fees.
  • People have changed the planet's climate, warming the atmosphere by churning out greenhouse gases.
  • There are more factories churning out batteries than cars or other devices to put them in, suggesting future failure.
  • The years of churning out food in mediocre catering and restaurant jobs.
  • Genome programs are churning out new sequences by the hundreds every week.
  • Given the production pressures of churning out weekly television, true quality is something of a miracle.
  • Most of these companies know they're luring in students, churning them, and burning them.
  • The churning magma was something akin to a giant agitating washing machine.
  • As you read this, mitochondria are busily churning away in every single cell in your body.
  • Both the driver and the footage itself survived despite the violently churning debris all around.
British Dictionary definitions for churning

churning

/ˈtʃɜːnɪŋ/
noun
1.
the quantity of butter churned at any one time
2.
the act, process, or effect of someone or something that churns

churn

/tʃɜːn/
noun
1.
(Brit) a large container for milk
2.
a vessel or machine in which cream or whole milk is vigorously agitated to produce butter
3.
any similar device
4.
the number of customers who switch from one supplier to another
verb
5.
  1. to stir or agitate (milk or cream) in order to make butter
  2. to make (butter) by this process
6.
(sometimes foll by up) to move or cause to move with agitation: ideas churned in his head
7.
(of a bank, broker, etc) to encourage an investor or policyholder to change investments, endowment policies, etc, to increase commissions at the client's expense
8.
(of a government) to pay benefits to a wide category of people and claw it back by taxation from the well off
9.
to promote the turnover of existing subscribers leasing, and new subscribers joining, a cable television system or mobile phone company
Derived Forms
churner, noun
Word Origin
Old English ciern; related to Old Norse kjarni, Middle Low German kerne churn, German dialect Kern cream
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for churning

churn

n.

Old English cyrin, from Proto-Germanic *kernjon (cf. Old Norse kirna, Swedish kärna, Danish kjerne, Dutch karn, Middle High German kern); probably akin to cyrnel "kernel" (see kernel) and describing the "grainy" appearance of churned cream.

v.

mid-15c., chyrnen, from churn (n.). Extended senses are from late 17c. Intransitive sense is from 1735. Related: Churned; churning. To churn out, of writing, is from 1902.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for churning

churn

verb

To artificially increase the level of activity in a law firm, insurance company, or other enterprise in order to increase commissions, feign busyness, etc: Policyholders have launched class-action suits alleging churning (1940s+)


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Encyclopedia Article for churning

churn

device for making butter. The earliest churns were goatskins or other primitive containers in which cream could be agitated. The dash churn, familiar to farm homes for centuries, consisted of a tall, narrow, nearly cylindrical stone or wood tub fitted with a wooden cover; the cream was agitated by a hand-operated vertical wooden plunger, or dash. Another type, widely used in the 19th century, was shaped like a small barrel and mounted in a framework. Operation of a hand crank caused the barrel to revolve end over end

Learn more about churn with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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