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cirrhosis

[si-roh-sis] /sɪˈroʊ sɪs/
noun, Pathology
1.
a disease of the liver characterized by increase of connective tissue and alteration in gross and microscopic makeup.
Origin
1830-1840
1830-40; < Greek kirrh(ós) orange-tawny + -osis
Related forms
cirrhotic
[si-rot-ik] /sɪˈrɒt ɪk/ (Show IPA),
adjective
cirrhosed, adjective
Can be confused
cirrhosis, xerosis.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for cirrhosis
  • cirrhosis is an irreversible result of various disorders that damage liver cells over time.
  • cirrhosis is scarring of the liver and poor liver function.
  • Other treatments specifically for emphysema and cirrhosis are also used.
  • Other treatments for emphysema and cirrhosis are also used.
  • He also suffered from cirrhosis of the liver as a result of chronic alcoholism.
  • Surgical complications of cirrhosis and portal hypertension.
  • The children then go on to develop a chronic active infection and are predisposed to developing early cirrhosis and liver cancer.
  • cirrhosis poses a major risk for gallstones, particularly pigment gallstones.
  • So far the treatment has worked only in mice that have artificially been given cirrhosis.
  • The finding could be a boon to sufferers of arthritis, cirrhosis, and other diseases.
British Dictionary definitions for cirrhosis

cirrhosis

/sɪˈrəʊsɪs/
noun
1.
any of various progressive diseases of the liver, characterized by death of liver cells, irreversible fibrosis, etc: caused by inadequate diet, excessive alcohol, chronic infection, etc Also called cirrhosis of the liver
Derived Forms
cirrhosed, adjective
cirrhotic (sɪˈrɒtɪk) adjective
Word Origin
C19: New Latin, from Greek kirrhos orange-coloured + -osis; referring to the appearance of the diseased liver
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for cirrhosis
n.

1827, coined in Modern Latin by French physician René-Théophile-Hyacinthe Laennec (1781-1826) with -osis and Greek kirrhos "tawny," of unknown origin. So called for the orange-yellow appearance of the diseased liver. Related: Cirrhotic.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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cirrhosis in Medicine

cirrhosis cir·rho·sis (sĭ-rō'sĭs)
n.

  1. A chronic disease of the liver characterized by the replacement of normal tissue with fibrous tissue and the loss of functional liver cells. It can result from alcohol abuse, nutritional deprivation, or infection especially by the hepatitis virus.

  2. Chronic interstitial inflammation of any tissue or organ. Also called fibroid induration.


cir·rhot'ic (-rŏt'ĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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cirrhosis in Science
cirrhosis
  (sĭ-rō'sĭs)   
A chronic disease of the liver characterized by the replacement of normal tissue with scar tissue and the loss of functional liver cells. It is most commonly caused by chronic alcohol abuse, but can also result from nutritional deprivation or infection, especially by the hepatitis virus.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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cirrhosis in Culture
cirrhosis [(suh-roh-sis)]

A chronic disease of the liver, characterized by replacement of normal liver cells with a form of connective tissue. Owing to the scarring caused by this disease, irreversible damage to the liver can result.

Note: Cirrhosis is often associated with alcoholism.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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