liver

1 [liv-er]
noun
1.
Anatomy. a large, reddish-brown, glandular organ located in the upper right side of the abdominal cavity, divided by fissures into five lobes and functioning in the secretion of bile and various metabolic processes.
2.
an organ in other animals similar to the human liver, often used as food.
3.
a diseased condition of the liver; biliousness: a touch of liver.
4.
a reddish-brown color.
5.
a rubberlike, irreversible thickening suspension occurring in paint, ink, etc., due to a chemical reaction between a colloidal pigment and a vehicle or as a result of polymerization of the vehicle.
adjective
6.
of the color of liver.
verb (used without object)
7.
(of paint, ink, etc.) to undergo irreversible thickening.

Origin:
before 900; Middle English; Old English lifer, cognate with Dutch lever, German Leber, Old Norse lifr; perhaps akin to Greek liparós fat

liverless, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged

liver

2 [liv-er]
noun
1.
a person who lives in a manner specified: an extravagant liver.
2.
a dweller or resident; inhabitant.

Origin:
1325–75; Middle English; see live1, -er1

liver

3 [lahy-ver]
adjective
comparative of live2.

live

2 [lahyv]
adjective, liver, livest for 4–7, 13–15.
1.
being alive; living; alive: live animals.
2.
of, pertaining to, or during the life of a living being: the animal's live weight.
3.
characterized by or indicating the presence of living creatures: the live sounds of the forest.
4.
Informal. (of a person) energetic; alert; lively: The club members are a really live bunch.
5.
full of life, energy or activity: His approach in any business dealing is live and fresh.
6.
burning or glowing: live coals in the fireplace.
7.
having resilience or bounce: a live tennis ball.
8.
being in play, as a baseball or football.
9.
loaded or unexploded, as a cartridge or shell: live ammunition.
10.
made up of actual persons: to perform before a live audience.
11.
(of a radio or television program) broadcast while happening or being performed; not prerecorded or taped: a live telecast.
12.
being highly resonant or reverberant, as an auditorium or concert hall.
13.
vivid or bright, as color.
14.
of current interest or importance, as a question or issue; controversial; unsettled.
15.
moving or imparting motion; powered: the live head on a lathe.
16.
still in use, or to be used, as type set up or copy for printing.
17.
Also, alive. Electricity. electrically connected to a source of potential difference, or electrically charged so as to have a potential different from that of earth: a live wire.
adverb
18.
(of a radio or television program) at the moment of its happening or being performed; not on tape or by prerecording: a program broadcast live.
Idioms
19.
live one, Slang.
a.
a person who spends money readily.
b.
a person easily imposed upon or made the dupe of others.

Origin:
1535–45; 1930–35 for def 11; aphetic variant of alive, used attributively

liveness, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
live1 (lɪv)
 
vb (usually foll by in or at) (foll by on, upon, or by)
1.  to show the characteristics of life; be alive
2.  to remain alive or in existence
3.  to exist in a specified way: to live poorly
4.  to reside or dwell: to live in London
5.  (often foll by on) to continue or last: the pain still lives in her memory
6.  (usually foll by by) to order one's life (according to a certain philosophy, religion, etc)
7.  to support one's style of life; subsist: to live by writing
8.  (foll by with) to endure the effects (of a crime, mistake, etc)
9.  (foll by through) to experience and survive: he lived through the war
10.  (tr) to pass or spend (one's life, etc)
11.  to enjoy life to the full: he knows how to live
12.  (tr) to put into practice in one's daily life; express: he lives religion every day
13.  live and let live to refrain from interfering in others' lives; to be tolerant
14.  informal (US) where one lives in one's sensitive or defenceless position
 
[Old English libban, lifian; related to Old High German libēn, Old Norse lifa]

live2 (laɪv)
 
adj
1.  (prenominal) showing the characteristics of life
2.  (usually prenominal) of, relating to, or abounding in life: the live weight of an animal
3.  (usually prenominal) of current interest; controversial: a live issue
4.  actual: a real live cowboy
5.  informal full of life and energy
6.  (of a coal, ember, etc) glowing or burning
7.  (esp of a volcano) not extinct
8.  loaded or capable of exploding: a live bomb
9.  radio, television transmitted or present at the time of performance, rather than being a recording: a live show
10.  of a record
 a.  recorded in concert
 b.  recorded in one studio take, without overdubs or splicing
11.  connected to a source of electric power: a live circuit
12.  (esp of a colour or tone) brilliant or splendid
13.  acoustically reverberant: a live studio
14.  sport (of a ball) in play
15.  (of rocks, ores, etc) not quarried or mined; native
16.  being in a state of motion or transmitting power; positively connected to a driving member
17.  printing
 a.  (of copy) not yet having been set into type
 b.  (of type that has been set) still in use
 
adv
18.  during, at, or in the form of a live performance: the show went out live
 
[C16: from on livealive]

liver1 (ˈlɪvə)
 
n
1.  a multilobed highly vascular reddish-brown glandular organ occupying most of the upper right part of the human abdominal cavity immediately below the diaphragm. It secretes bile, stores glycogen, detoxifies certain poisons, and plays an important part in the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and fat, helping to maintain a correct balance of nutrientsRelated: hepatic
2.  the corresponding organ in animals
3.  the liver of certain animals used as food
4.  a reddish-brown colour, sometimes with a greyish tinge
 
Related: hepatic
 
[Old English lifer; related to Old High German lebrav, Old Norse lefr, Greek liparos fat]
 
'liverless1
 
adj

liver2 (ˈlɪvə)
 
n
a person who lives in a specified way: a fast liver

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

live
O.E. lifian (Anglian), libban (W.Saxon) "to be alive," also "to supply oneself with food, to pass life (in some condition)," from P.Gmc. stem *libæ (cf. O.N. lifa, O.Fris. libba, Ger. leben, Goth. liban "to live"), from PIE base *leip- "to remain, continue" (cf. Gk. liparein "to persist, persevere;"
see leave).
"According to the Dutch Prouerbe ... Leuen ende laetan leuen, To liue and to let others liue." [Malynes, 1622]
To live it up "live gaily and extravagantly" is from 1951. To live up to "act in accordance with" is from 1690s. To live (something) down "outwear (some slander or embarrassment)" is from 1842. To live with "cohabit as husband and wife" is attested from 1749; sense of "to put up with" is attested from 1937. Lived-in "inhabited, occupied" is first recorded 1873. Live-in (adj.) first attested, 1955. Expression live and learn is attested from c.1620.

live
1540s, "having life," later (1611) "burning, glowing," aphetic of alive (q.v.). Sense of "containing unspent energy or power" (live ammunition, etc.) is from 1799; live wire is attested from 1890; figurative sense of "active person" is from 1903. Meaning "in-person (performance)"
is first attested 1934.

liver
"secreting organ of the body," O.E. lifer, from P.Gmc. *librn (cf. O.N. lifr, O.Fris. livere, M.Du. levere, O.H.G. lebara, Ger. Leber "liver"), perhaps lit. "fatten up." In M.E. it rivaled the heart as the supposed seat of love and passion, hence lily-livered.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

live (līv)
adj.

  1. Having life; alive.

  2. Capable of replicating in a host's cells.

  3. Containing living microorganisms or active virus, as a vaccine.

liver liv·er (lĭv'ər)
n.
The largest gland of the body, lying beneath the diaphragm in the upper right portion of the abdominal cavity, which secretes bile and is active in the formation of certain blood proteins and in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Science Dictionary
liver   (lĭv'ər)  Pronunciation Key 


(click for larger image in new window)

  1. A large glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrate animals that is essential to many metabolic processes. The liver secretes bile, stores fat and sugar as reserve energy sources, converts harmful substances to less toxic forms, and regulates the amount of blood in the body.

  2. A similar organ of invertebrate animals.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

liver definition


A large organ, located on the right side of the abdomen and protected by the lower rib cage, that produces bile and blood proteins, stores vitamins for later release into the bloodstream, removes toxins (including alcohol) from the blood, breaks down old red blood cells, and helps maintain levels of blood sugar in the body.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Cite This Source
Slang Dictionary

live definition


  1. mod.
    cool; great. : Everything's live! No problem!
Dictionary of American Slang and Colloquial Expressions by Richard A. Spears.Fourth Edition.
Copyright 2007. Published by McGraw-Hill Education.
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Liver definition


(Heb. kabhed, "heavy;" hence the liver, as being the heaviest of the viscera, Ex. 29:13, 22; Lev. 3:4, 1, 10, 15) was burnt upon the altar, and not used as sacrificial food. In Ezek. 21:21 there is allusion, in the statement that the king of Babylon "looked upon the liver," to one of the most ancient of all modes of divination. The first recorded instance of divination (q.v.) is that of the teraphim of Laban. By the teraphim the LXX. and Josephus understood "the liver of goats." By the "caul above the liver," in Lev. 4:9; 7:4, etc., some understand the great lobe of the liver itself.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
Liver metastases are cancerous tumors that have spread to the liver from
  somewhere else in the body.
Three weeks later, he was in the hospital with liver failure.
Liver disease, by contrast, often causes the breath to smell fishy.
The liver itself is the body's main chemical factory, performing hundreds of
  different functions.
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