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cist1

[sist] /sɪst/
noun, Classical Antiquity
1.
a box or chest, especially for sacred utensils.
Origin
1795-1805
1795-1805; < Latin cista < Greek kístē chest

cist2

[sist, kist] /sɪst, kɪst/
noun
1.
a prehistoric sepulchral tomb or casket.
Also, kist.
Origin
1795-1805; < Welsh < Latin cista. See cist1
Related forms
cisted, adjective
cistic, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for cist

cist1

/sɪst/
noun
1.
a wooden box for holding ritual objects used in ancient Rome and Greece
Word Origin
C19: from Latin cista box, chest, basket, from Greek kistē

cist2

/sɪst/
noun
1.
(archaeol) a box-shaped burial chamber made from stone slabs or a hollowed tree trunk
Word Origin
C19: from Welsh: chest, from Latin cista box; see cist1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for cist
n.

"sepulchral chest or chamber," 1804, in some cases from Latin cista "wickerwork basket, box," from Greek kiste "box, chest" (see chest); according to OED, in some cases from Welsh cist in cist faen "stone coffin," the first element of which is from the Latin word.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for cist

prehistoric European coffin containing a body or ashes, usually made of stone or a hollowed-out tree; also, a storage place for sacred objects. "Cist" has also been used in a more general sense to refer to the stone burial place itself, usually built in the form of a dolmen, with several upright stone slabs supporting a flat roofing stone

Learn more about cist with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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