[sit-uh-zuhn, -suhn]
a native or naturalized member of a state or nation who owes allegiance to its government and is entitled to its protection (distinguished from alien ).
an inhabitant of a city or town, especially one entitled to its privileges or franchises.
an inhabitant, or denizen: The deer is a citizen of our woods.
a civilian, as distinguished from a soldier, police officer, etc.

1275–1325; Middle English citisein < Anglo-French citesein, Old French citeain, equivalent to cite city + -ain -an; Anglo-French s perhaps by association with deinzain denizen

citizenly, adjective
noncitizen, noun
uncitizenly, adjective
undercitizen, noun

citizen, resident. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
citizen (ˈsɪtɪzən)
1.  Compare alien a native registered or naturalized member of a state, nation, or other political community
2.  an inhabitant of a city or town
3.  a native or inhabitant of any place
4.  a civilian, as opposed to a soldier, public official, etc
Related: civil
[C14: from Anglo-French citesein, from Old French citeien, from cité,city]
fem n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1314, from Anglo-Fr. citezein (spelling alt. by infl. of denizen), from O.Fr. citeain, from cite (see city), replacing O.E. burhsittend and ceasterware. Sense of "inhabitant of a country" is late 14c. Related: Citizenry (1819).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Putting their services online should allow governments to serve their citizens
  much more effectively.
Instead, they restrict almost every aspect of citizens' life.
It is unfair to the citizens who are harmless and they have to live in constant
  fear and agony.
Mayors think of municipalities as cradles of democracy where citizens meet
  government close up.
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