the body of laws of a state or nation regulating ordinary private matters, as distinct from laws regulating criminal, political, or military matters.
2. Roman History.
the body of law proper to the city or state of Rome, as distinct from that common to all nations. Compare jus civile
systems of law influenced significantly and in various ways by Roman law, especially as contained in the Corpus Juris Civilis, as distinct from the common law and canon or ecclesiastical law.
Origin: Related forms
1375–1425; late Middle English