climate

[klahy-mit]
noun
1.
the composite or generally prevailing weather conditions of a region, as temperature, air pressure, humidity, precipitation, sunshine, cloudiness, and winds, throughout the year, averaged over a series of years.
2.
a region or area characterized by a given climate: to move to a warm climate.
3.
the prevailing attitudes, standards, or environmental conditions of a group, period, or place: a climate of political unrest.

Origin:
1350–1400 for earlier senses; 1595–1605 for def 2; Middle English climat < Latin clīmat- (stem of clīma) < Greek klīmat-, stem of klī́ma slope, equivalent to klī- (akin to klī́nein to slope, lean) + -ma noun suffix

subclimate, noun


3. mood, atmosphere, spirit, tone, temper.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
climate (ˈklaɪmɪt)
 
n
1.  the long-term prevalent weather conditions of an area, determined by latitude, position relative to oceans or continents, altitude, etc
2.  an area having a particular kind of climate
3.  a prevailing trend or current of feeling: the political climate
 
[C14: from Late Latin clima, from Greek klima inclination, region; related to Greek klinein to lean]
 
usage  Climatic is sometimes wrongly used where climactic is meant. Climatic is properly used to talk about things relating to climate; climactic is used to describe something which forms a climax
 
climatic
 
adj
 
cli'matical
 
adj
 
'climatal
 
adj
 
cli'matically
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

climate
late 14c., from O.Fr. climat, from L. clima (gen. climatis) "region, slope of the Earth," from Gk. klima "region, zone," from base of klinein "to slope," thus "slope of the Earth from equator to pole," from PIE base *klei- "to lean" (see lean (v.)). Angle of sun on the slope
defined the zones assigned by early geographers. Meaning moved from "region" to "weather associated with that region" by c.1600.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
climate   (klī'mĭt)  Pronunciation Key 
The general or average weather conditions of a certain region, including temperature, rainfall, and wind. On Earth, climate is most affected by latitude, the tilt of the Earth's axis, the movements of the Earth's wind belts, the difference in temperatures of land and sea, and topography. Human activity, especially relating to actions relating to the depletion of the ozone layer, is also an important factor.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

climate definition


A region's usual weather patterns. The climate at any point on Earth is determined by things such as the general movement of the atmosphere, the proximity of the oceans, and the altitude of the location.

Note: The climate also is affected by the sun, by changes in the orbit of the Earth, by plate tectonics, and by human activities, particularly the burning of fossil fuels, which may lead to a greenhouse effect.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Climate is the long-term pattern of weather in a particular area.
Climate forecasting brings many more variables into play than weather
  prediction does.
For those who dread the heat that climate change threatens to bring in coming
  decades, take comfort.
Students will research, discuss, and write reports on the relationship between
  climate and agriculture.
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