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cloy

[kloi] /klɔɪ/
verb (used with object)
1.
to weary by an excess of food, sweetness, pleasure, etc.; surfeit; satiate.
verb (used without object)
2.
to become uninteresting or distasteful through overabundance:
A diet of cake and candy soon cloys.
Origin of cloy
1350-1400
1350-1400; aphetic variant of Middle English acloyen < Middle French enclo(y)er < Late Latin inclāvāre to nail in, equivalent to in- in-2 + -clāvāre, verbal derivative of clāvus nail
Related forms
overcloy, verb (used with object)
uncloyed, adjective
Synonyms
1. glut, sate, bore.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for cloy
Historical Examples
  • The readers, therefore, will not suppose that we intend (supposing even that we were able) to cloy them with sweets.

  • To cloy or surfeit is to gratify to the point of revulsion or disgust.

    English Synonyms and Antonyms James Champlin Fernald
  • But plenteous as are the flowers of eloquence with which he presents us, their perfume, their sweetness, do not cloy.

    The London Pulpit J. Ewing Ritchie
  • But I shall tire you with a theme with which I would not wish to cloy you beforehand.

  • Or cloy the hungry edge of appetite, By bare imagination of a feast?

  • Over-sentimental and apt to cloy, it is eminently poetical and full of melody.

    Masters of French Music Arthur Hervey
  • No apricot Or greengage tart my heart hath won;Their sweetness doth but cloy and clot.

    The Wallypug in London G. E. Farrow
  • And he proceeded to read with a sneering imitation of Zoie's cloy sweetness.

    Baby Mine Margaret Mayo
  • Yea but, said Carpalin, were it not good to cloy all their ordnance?

  • Wealth could not cloy, nor grandeur overpower, with such a mate; that was perhaps the substance of her thought.

    My Lord Duke E. W. Hornung
British Dictionary definitions for cloy

cloy

/klɔɪ/
verb
1.
to make weary or cause weariness through an excess of something initially pleasurable or sweet
Word Origin
C14 (originally: to nail, hence, to obstruct): from earlier acloyen, from Old French encloer, from Medieval Latin inclavāre, from Latin clāvāre to nail, from clāvus a nail
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for cloy
v.

"weary by too much, fill to loathing, surfeit," 1520s, from Middle English cloyen "hinder movement, encumber" (late 14c.), a shortening of accloyen (early 14c.), from Old French encloer "to fasten with a nail, grip, grasp," figuratively "to hinder, check, stop, curb," from Late Latin inclavare "drive a nail into a horse's foot when shoeing," from Latin clavus "a nail" (see slot (n.2)).

Accloye is a hurt that cometh of shooing, when a Smith driveth a nail in the quick, which make him to halt. [Edward Topsell, "The History of Four-footed Beasts," 1607]
The figurative meaning "fill to a satiety, overfill" is attested for accloy from late 14c. Related: Cloyed; cloying.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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