|cochineal (ˌkɒtʃɪˈniːl, ˈkɒtʃɪˌniːl)|
|1.||Also called: cochineal insect a Mexican homopterous insect, Dactylopius coccus, that feeds on cacti|
|2.||a crimson substance obtained from the crushed bodies of these insects, used for colouring food and for dyeing|
|3.||a. the colour of this dye|
|b. (as adjective): cochineal shoes|
|[C16: from Old Spanish cochinilla, from Latin coccineus scarlet-coloured, from coccum cochineal kermes, from Greek kokkos kermes berry]|
cochineal coch·i·neal (kŏch'ə-nēl', kŏch'ə-nēl', kō'chə-nēl', kō'chə-nēl')
A red dye made of dried, pulverized female cochineal insects and used as a biological stain and as an indicator in acid-base titrations.
red dyestuff consisting of the dried, pulverized bodies of certain female scale insects, Dactylopius coccus, of the Coccidae family, cactus-eating insects native to tropical and subtropical America. Cochineal is used to produce scarlet, crimson, orange, and other tints and to prepare pigments such as lake and carmine (qq.v.). The dye was introduced into Europe from Mexico, where it had been used long before the coming of the Spaniards
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