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colophony

[kol-uh-foh-nee, kuh-lof-uh-nee] /ˈkɒl əˌfoʊ ni, kəˈlɒf ə ni/
noun
1.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English colofonie (< Anglo-French) < Latin Colophōnia (rēsina) (resin) of Colophon < Greek Kolophōnía, feminine of Kolophṓnios, equivalent to Kolophṓn Colophon + -ios adj. suffix; see -y3
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for colophony

colophony

/kɒˈlɒfənɪ/
noun
1.
another name for rosin (sense 1)
Word Origin
C14: from Latin Colophōnia rēsina resin from Colophon
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Article for colophony

rosin

translucent, brittle, friable resin used for varnish and in manufacturing many products. It becomes sticky when warm and has a faint pinelike odour. Gum rosin consists of the residue obtained upon distillation of the oleoresin (a natural fluid) from pine trees (the volatile component is spirit of turpentine); wood rosin, obtained by solvent extraction of the stumps, is usually of a darker colour

Learn more about rosin with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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