communism

[kom-yuh-niz-uhm]
noun
1.
a theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state.
2.
(often initial capital letter) a system of social organization in which all economic and social activity is controlled by a totalitarian state dominated by a single and self-perpetuating political party.
3.
(initial capital letter) the principles and practices of the Communist Party.

Origin:
1835–45; < French communisme. See common, -ism

anticommunism, noun
procommunism, noun, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
communism (ˈkɒmjʊˌnɪzəm)
 
n
1.  advocacy of a classless society in which private ownership has been abolished and the means of production and subsistence belong to the community
2.  any social, economic, or political movement or doctrine aimed at achieving such a society
3.  (usually capital) Marxism Marxism-Leninism See also socialism a political movement based upon the writings of Marx that considers history in terms of class conflict and revolutionary struggle, resulting eventually in the victory of the proletariat and the establishment of a socialist order based on public ownership of the means of production
4.  (usually capital) a social order or system of government established by a ruling Communist Party, esp in the former Soviet Union
5.  chiefly (US) (often capital) any leftist political activity or thought, esp when considered to be subversive
6.  communal living; communalism
 
[C19: from French communisme, from communcommon]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

communism
1843, from Fr. communisme (c.1840) from commun (O.Fr. comun; see common) + -isme. Originally a theory of society; as name of a political system, 1850, a translation of Ger. Kommunismus, in Marx and Engels' "Manifesto of the German Communist Party."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

communism definition


An economic and social system envisioned by the nineteenth-century German scholar Karl Marx. In theory, under communism, all means of production are owned in common, rather than by individuals (see Marxism and Marxism-Leninism). In practice, a single authoritarian party controls both the political and economic systems. In the twentieth century, communism was associated with the economic and political systems of China and the Soviet Union and of the satellites of the Soviet Union. (Compare capitalism and socialism.)

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences for communism
Communism includes all of these when understood in its true meaning.
Forms of libertarian communism such as situationism are strongly egoist in nature.
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