component

[kuhm-poh-nuhnt, kom-]
noun
1.
a constituent part; element; ingredient.
2.
a part of a mechanical or electrical system: hi-fi components.
3.
Physics. the projection of a vector quantity, as force or velocity, along an axis.
4.
Physical Chemistry. one of the set of the minimum number of chemical constituents by which every phase of a given system can be described.
5.
Mathematics.
a.
a connected subset of a set, not contained in any other connected subset of the set.
b.
a coordinate of a vector.
6.
Linguistics.
a.
one of the major subdivisions of a generative grammar: base component; transformational component; semantic component; phonological component. Compare level ( def 16 ).
b.
a feature determined by componential analysis.
adjective
7.
being or serving as an element (in something larger); composing; constituent: the component parts of a computer system.

Origin:
1555–65; < Latin compōnent- (stem of compōnēns, present participle of compōnere to put together), equivalent to com- com- + pōn(ere) to put + -ent- -ent

componential [kom-puh-nen-shuhl] , componental, adjective
componented, adjective
subcomponent, noun


1. See element.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
component (kəmˈpəʊnənt)
 
n
1.  a constituent part or aspect of something more complex: a component of a car
2.  Also called: element any electrical device, such as a resistor, that has distinct electrical characteristics and that may be connected to other electrical devices to form a circuit
3.  maths
 a.  one of a set of two or more vectors whose resultant is a given vector
 b.  the projection of this given vector onto a specified line
4.  See phase rule one of the minimum number of chemically distinct constituents necessary to describe fully the composition of each phase in a system
 
adj
5.  forming or functioning as a part or aspect; constituent
 
[C17: from Latin compōnere to put together, from pōnere to place, put]
 
componential
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

component
1645, from L. componentem (nom. componens), prp. of componere "to put together" (see composite). Related: Componentry (1959).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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FOLDOC
Computing Dictionary

component definition

programming
An object adhering to a component architecture.
(1997-11-20)

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Example sentences
While the intellectual component is certainly a compelling part of the
  endeavor, making art is also a physical experience.
He has trouble accepting the element of charlatanism that is a necessary
  component of a theatrical imagination.
Perhaps there is no more important component of character than steadfast
  resolution.
The nation, on those subjects on which it can act, must necessarily bind its
  component parts.
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