comprehension

[kom-pri-hen-shuhn]
noun
1.
the act or process of comprehending.
2.
the state of being comprehended.
3.
perception or understanding: His comprehension of physics is amazing for a young student.
4.
capacity of the mind to perceive and understand; power to grasp ideas; ability to know.
5.
Logic. the connotation of a term.

Origin:
1400–50; late Middle English < Latin comprehēnsiōn- (stem of comprehēnsiō), equivalent to comprehēns(us) (past participle of comprehendere to comprehend) + -iōn- -ion

miscomprehension, noun
noncomprehension, noun
precomprehension, noun
supercomprehension, noun
uncomprehension, noun
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World English Dictionary
comprehension (ˌkɒmprɪˈhɛnʃən)
 
n
1.  the act or capacity of understanding
2.  the state of including or comprising something; comprehensiveness
3.  education an exercise consisting of a previously unseen passage of text with related questions, designed to test a student's understanding esp of a foreign language
4.  obsolete logic the attributes implied by a given concept or term; connotation

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

comprehension
1540s, from L. comprehensionem "a seizing," noun of action from comprehendere (see comprehend). In reading education, from 1921.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

comprehension com·pre·hen·sion (kŏm'prĭ-hěn'shən)
n.
See apperception.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
There are several varieties of pointing, and this is important for
  understanding why dogs' comprehension of the gesture matters.
It is followed the next day by a written comprehension test.
It is tomorrow's comprehension of life and of its evolution.
His pieces move with blazing speed, at times at the limits of comprehension.
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