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confounded

[kon-foun-did, kuh n-] /kɒnˈfaʊn dɪd, kən-/
adjective
1.
bewildered; confused; perplexed.
2.
damned (used euphemistically):
That is a confounded lie.
Origin
1325-1375
1325-75; Middle English; see confound, -ed2
Related forms
confoundedly, adverb
confoundedness, noun
unconfoundedly, adverb

confound

[kon-found, kuh n-; for 6 usually kon-found] /kɒnˈfaʊnd, kən-; for 6 usually ˈkɒnˈfaʊnd/
verb (used with object)
1.
to perplex or amaze, especially by a sudden disturbance or surprise; bewilder; confuse:
The complicated directions confounded him.
2.
to throw into confusion or disorder:
The revolution confounded the people.
3.
to throw into increased confusion or disorder.
4.
to treat or regard erroneously as identical; mix or associate by mistake:
truth confounded with error.
5.
to mingle so that the elements cannot be distinguished or separated.
6.
to damn (used in mild imprecations):
Confound it!
7.
to contradict or refute:
to confound their arguments.
8.
to put to shame; abash.
9.
Archaic.
  1. to defeat or overthrow.
  2. to bring to ruin or naught.
10.
Obsolete. to spend uselessly; waste.
Origin
1250-1300; Middle English conf(o)unden < Anglo-French confoundre < Latin confundere to mix, equivalent to con- con- + fundere to pour
Related forms
confoundable, adjective
confounder, noun
confoundingly, adverb
interconfound, verb (used with object)
preconfound, verb (used with object)
unconfound, verb (used with object)
unconfounding, adjective
unconfoundingly, adverb
Synonyms
1. dumbfound, daze, nonplus, astound.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for confounded
  • confounded investigators finally decided that the words had been the product of an incredible series of coincidences.
  • Results of such are highly confounded and no conclusions can be drawn from them.
  • It confounded my senses and rendered them nearly useless.
  • It's easily confounded by countermeasures and isn't specific enough to detect particular intentions.
  • Such details as have bean published here serve only to make the confusion more confounded.
  • The government is confounded by the collapse of the price of oil.
  • So, all your efforts are confounded by the growing population.
  • Psychological phenomenon are fair game for science regardless of whether the subjects delusions are confounded with politics.
  • Older people are often confounded that they are still being ridden.
  • The people who suffer from schizophrenia are hardly the only ones confounded by its symptoms.
British Dictionary definitions for confounded

confounded

/kənˈfaʊndɪd/
adjective
1.
bewildered; confused
2.
(prenominal) (informal) execrable; damned
Derived Forms
confoundedly, adverb
confoundedness, noun

confound

/kənˈfaʊnd/
verb (transitive)
1.
to astound or perplex; bewilder
2.
to mix up; confuse
3.
to treat mistakenly as similar to or identical with (one or more other things)
4.
(kɒnˈfaʊnd). to curse or damn (usually as an expletive in the phrase confound it!)
5.
to contradict or refute (an argument, etc)
6.
to rout or defeat (an enemy)
7.
(obsolete) to waste
Derived Forms
confoundable, adjective
confounder, noun
Word Origin
C13: from Old French confondre, from Latin confundere to mingle, pour together, from fundere to pour
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for confounded
adj.

as an intensive execration, "odious, detestable, damned," 1650s, from past participle of confound, in its older English sense of "overthrow utterly."

confound

v.

c.1300, "make uneasy, abash," from Anglo-French confoundre, Old French confondre (12c.) "crush, ruin, disgrace, throw into disorder," from Latin confundere "to confuse," literally "to pour together, mix, mingle," from com- "together" (see com-) + fundere "to pour" (see found (v.2)).

The figurative sense of "confuse, fail to distinguish, mix up" emerged in Latin, passed into French and thence into Middle English, where it is mostly found in Scripture; the sense of "destroy utterly" is recorded in English from c.1300. Meaning "perplex" is late 14c. The Latin past participle confusus, meanwhile, became confused (q.v.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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