congratulation

[kuhn-grach-uh-ley-shuhn or, often, -graj-, kuhng-]
noun
1.
the act of congratulating.
2.
congratulations, an expression of joy in the success or good fortune of another.
interjection
3.
congratulations, (used to express joy in the success or good fortune of another): Congratulations! You have just won the lottery!

Origin:
1400–50; late Middle English < Late Latin congrātulātiōn- (stem of congrātulātiō), equivalent to congrātulāt(us) (see congratulate) + -iōn- -ion

congratulational, adjective
precongratulation, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
congratulate (kənˈɡrætjʊˌleɪt)
 
vb
1.  (usually foll by on) to communicate pleasure, approval, or praise to (a person or persons); compliment
2.  (often foll by on) to consider (oneself) clever or fortunate (as a result of): she congratulated herself on her tact
3.  obsolete to greet
 
[C16: from Latin congrātulārī, from grātulārī to rejoice, from grātus pleasing]
 
congratu'lation
 
n
 
con'gratulator
 
n
 
con'gratulatory
 
adj
 
con'gratulative
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

congratulation
mid-15c., from L. congratulationem, noun of action from congratulari "wish joy," from com- "together, with" + gratulari "give thanks, show joy," from gratus "agreeable" (see grace).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Many letters of congratulation await her at her cottage from people whom she
  has befriended at one time or another.
The colonel apparently thought one congratulation was not enough.
The legislature has introduced three resolutions of congratulation.
Another banquet and much self-congratulation by orchestra leaders.
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