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Denotation vs. Connotation

congratulation

[kuh n-grach-uh-ley-shuh n or, often, -graj-, kuh ng-] /kənˌgrætʃ əˈleɪ ʃən or, often, -ˌgrædʒ-, kəŋ-/
noun
1.
the act of congratulating.
2.
congratulations, an expression of joy in the success or good fortune of another.
interjection
3.
congratulations, (used to express joy in the success or good fortune of another):
Congratulations! You have just won the lottery!
Origin of congratulation
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English < Late Latin congrātulātiōn- (stem of congrātulātiō), equivalent to congrātulāt(us) (see congratulate) + -iōn- -ion
Related forms
congratulational, adjective
precongratulation, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for congratulation
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • From the spectators under the cliff there came a murmur of congratulation not unmixed with astonishment.

    Marie H. Rider Haggard
  • Miss Dasomma threw her arms about her, and broke into a flood of congratulation.

    Weighed and Wanting George MacDonald
  • Telegrams of congratulation at his escape poured in from every state and principal town.

  • He was in the shade, which was a matter for congratulation on such a day.

    Good Indian B. M. Bower
  • When permission is given to send her to Court, what joy there is, what bedecking, what congratulation!

  • The letter of congratulation must be natural, not stilted, and must be sincere.

  • "A great win, Jack," said Adrien, offering her hand in congratulation.

    To Him That Hath Ralph Connor
  • "You win, young lady," he said, and there was thanksgiving and congratulation in the way he said it.

    From Place to Place Irvin S. Cobb
Word Origin and History for congratulation
n.

mid-15c., from Latin congratulationem (nominative congratulatio), noun of action from past participle stem of congratulari "wish joy," from com- "together, with" (see com-) + gratulari "give thanks, show joy," from gratus "agreeable" (see grace (n.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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17
23
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