|1.||a meeting or conference, esp of representatives of a number of sovereign states|
|2.||a national legislative assembly|
|3.||a society or association|
|[C16: from Latin congressus from congredī to meet with, from com- together + gradī to walk, step]|
|1.||the bicameral federal legislature of the US, consisting of the House of Representatives and the Senate|
|2.||this body during any two-year term|
|3.||Also called: Congress Party, Official name: Indian National Congress (in India) a major political party, which controlled the Union government from 1947 to 1977|
The legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the House of Representatives and the Senate. Popularly elected, senators and representatives are responsible for advocating the interests of the constituents they represent. Numerous congressional committees are organized to study issues of public policy, recommend action, and, ultimately, pass laws. Congress plays an important role in the system of checks and balances; in fact, the two-house (bicameral) organization of Congress acts as an internal check, for each house must separately vote to pass a bill for it to become a law. In addition to lawmaking, Congress has a variety of functions, including appropriation of funds for executive and judicial activities; instituting taxes and regulating commerce; declaring war and raising and supporting a military; setting up federal courts and conducting impeachment proceedings; and approving presidential appointments.