(in English articulation) a speech sound produced by occluding with or without releasing (p, b; t, d; k, g), diverting (m, n, ng), or obstructing (f, v; s, z, etc.) the flow of air from the lungs (opposed to vowel ).
(in a syllable) any sound other than the sound of greatest sonority in the syllable, as b, r, and g in brig (opposed to sonant ). Compare vowel ( def 1b ).
(in linguistic function) a concept empirically determined as a phonological element in structural contrast with vowel, as the b of be, the w of we, the y, s, and t of yeast, etc.
a letter that usually represents a consonant sound.
in agreement; agreeable; in accord; consistent (usually followed by to or with ): behavior consonant with his character.
corresponding in sound, as words.
harmonious, as sounds.
Music. constituting a consonance.
Physics. noting or pertaining to sounds exhibiting consonance.

1350–1400; Middle English consona(u)nt (< Anglo-French) < Latin consonant- (stem of consonāns, present participle of consonāre to sound with or together). See con-, sonant

consonantlike, adjective
consonantly, adverb
unconsonant, adjective

3. concordant, congruous, conformant.

6. dissonant. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
consonant (ˈkɒnsənənt)
1.  a speech sound or letter of the alphabet other than a vowel; a stop, fricative, or continuant
2.  (postpositive; foll by with or to) consistent; in agreement
3.  harmonious in tone or sound
4.  music characterized by the presence of a consonance
5.  being or relating to a consonant
[C14: from Latin consonāns, from consonāre to sound at the same time, be in harmony, from sonāre to sound]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1300, from L. consonantem (nom. consonans), prp. of consonare "to sound together," from com- "with" + sonare, from sonus "sound" (see sound (n.1)). Consonants thought of as sounds that are only produced together with vowels.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
And then you have to couch it in the right terms, to have it be consonant with the other values of the university.
Select any consonant after you have guessed at a word, and it will appear in each appropriate square in the puzzle.
Consonant harmony is then discussed in the framework of traditional, natural, and non-linear phonological theories.
Once you've got the infixes and the prefixes in your head, and the three-consonant root verbs you can construct any word you want.
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