existing, occurring, or living at the same time; belonging to the same time: Newton's discovery of the calculus was contemporary with that of Leibniz.
of about the same age or date: a Georgian table with a contemporary wig stand.
of the present time; modern: a lecture on the contemporary novel.
noun, plural contemporaries.
a person belonging to the same time or period with another or others.
a person of the same age as another.

1625–35; < Late Latin contempor- (see contemporize) + -ary

contemporarily, adverb
contemporariness, noun
noncontemporary, adjective, noun, plural noncontemporaries.
postcontemporary, adjective
ultracontemporary, adjective, noun, plural ultracontemporaries.
uncontemporary, adjective

contemporary, contemporaneous.

1. coexistent, concurrent, simultaneous. Contemporary, contemporaneous, coeval, coincident all mean happening or existing at the same time. Contemporary often refers to persons or their acts or achievements: Hemingway and Fitzgerald, though contemporary, shared few values. Contemporaneous is applied chiefly to events: the rise of industrialism, contemporaneous with the spread of steam power. Coeval refers either to very long periods of time—an era or an eon—or to remote or long ago times: coeval stars, shining for millenia with equal brilliance; coeval with the dawning of civilization. Coincident means occurring at the same time but without causal or other relationships: prohibition, coincident with the beginning of the 1920s. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
contemporary (kənˈtɛmprərɪ)
1.  belonging to the same age; living or occurring in the same period of time
2.  existing or occurring at the present time
3.  conforming to modern or current ideas in style, fashion, design, etc
4.  having approximately the same age as one another
n , -raries
5.  a person living at the same time or of approximately the same age as another
6.  something that is contemporary
7.  journalism a rival newspaper
[C17: from Medieval Latin contemporārius, from Latin com- together + temporārius relating to time, from tempus time]
usage  Since contemporary can mean either of the same period or of the present period, it is best to avoid this word where ambiguity might arise, as in a production of Othello in contemporary dress. Modern dress or Elizabethan dress should be used in this example to avoid ambiguity

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1630s, from M.L. contemporarius, from L. con- "with" + temporarius "of time," from tempus "time" (see temper). Meaning "modern, characteristic of the present" is from 1866. Noun sense of "one who lives at the same time as another" is from 1630s, replacing native time-fellow (1570s).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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