corporal

1 [kawr-per-uhl, -pruhl]
adjective
1.
of the human body; bodily; physical: corporal suffering.
2.
Zoology. of the body proper, as distinguished from the head and limbs.
3.
personal: corporal possession.
4.
Obsolete, corporeal; belonging to the material world.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English corporall (< Anglo-French) < Latin corporālis bodily, equivalent to corpor- (stem of corpus corpus) + -ālis -al1

corporality, noun
corporally, adverb


1. material. See physical.
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corporal

2 [kawr-per-uhl, -pruhl]
noun
1.
Military.
a.
a noncommissioned officer ranking above a private first class in the U.S. Army or lance corporal in the Marines and below a sergeant.
b.
a similar rank in the armed services of other countries.
2.
(initial capital letter) a U.S. surface-to-surface, single-stage ballistic missile.

Origin:
1570–80; < Middle French, variant of caporal (influenced by corporal corporal1) < Italian caporale, apparently contraction of phrase capo corporale corporal head, i.e., head of a body (of soldiers). See caput

corporalcy, corporalship, noun

corporal

3 [kawr-per-uhl, -pruhl]
noun Ecclesiastical.
a fine cloth, usually of linen, on which the consecrated elements are placed or with which they are covered.
Also called communion cloth.


Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English corporalle < Medieval Latin corporale (pallium) eucharistic (altar cloth); replacing earlier corporas < Old French < Latin, as above

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
corporal1 (ˈkɔːpərəl, -prəl)
 
adj
1.  of or relating to the body; bodily
2.  an obsolete word for corporeal
 
[C14: from Latin corporālis of the body, from corpus body]
 
corpo'rality1
 
n
 
'corporally1
 
adv

corporal2 (ˈkɔːpərəl, -prəl)
 
n
1.  a noncommissioned officer junior to a sergeant in the army, air force, or marines
2.  (in the Royal Navy) a petty officer who assists the master-at-arms
 
[C16: from Old French, via Italian, from Latin caput head; perhaps also influenced in Old French by corps body (of men)]
 
'corporalship2
 
n

corporal or corporale3 (ˈkɔːpərəl, -prəl, ˌkɔːpəˈreɪlɪ)
 
n
a white linen cloth on which the bread and wine are placed during the Eucharist
 
[C14: from Medieval Latin corporāle pallium eucharistic altar cloth, from Latin corporālis belonging to the body, from corpus body (of Christ)]
 
corporale or corporale3
 
n
 
[C14: from Medieval Latin corporāle pallium eucharistic altar cloth, from Latin corporālis belonging to the body, from corpus body (of Christ)]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

corporal
1570s, from M.Fr. corporal, from It. caporale "a corporal," from capo "chief, head," from L. caput "head" (see head). So called because he was in charge of a body of troops. Perhaps infl. by It. corpo, from L. corps "body." Or corps may be the source and caput the influence,
as the OED suggests. Corporal punishment "punishment of the body" (as opposed to fine or loss of rank or privilege) is from 1580s.

corporal
"of or belonging to the body," late 14c., from O.Fr. corporal, from L. corporalis, from corpus (gen. corporis) "body" (see corps). Corporal punishment (1580s) is that inflicted on the body as opposed to fines or loss of rank.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Tenure meetings and dissertation defenses would be prime occasions for the
  administering of corporal punishment.
Americans began experimenting with incarceration as a humane alternative to
  corporal punishment in the late seventeenth century.
If there is consensus in the community that the act merits more serious
  sanctions, corporal punishment is initiated.
She always wept at the sight of any grievous corporal distress, and much more
  for any spiritual misery of her neighbour.
Images for corporal
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