a pair of successive lines of verse, especially a pair that rhyme and are of the same length.
a pair; couple.
Music. any of the contrasting sections of a rondo occurring between statements of the refrain.

1570–80; < Middle French; see couple, -et Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
couplet (ˈkʌplɪt)
two successive lines of verse, usually rhymed and of the same metre
[C16: from French, literally: a little pair; see couple]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1570s, in poetry, from Fr. couplet (mid-14c.), a dim. of couple (see couple). In music, from 1876.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

couplet definition

A pair of lines of verse that rhyme. Some poems, such as “The Night Before Christmas,” are written entirely in couplets:

`Twas the night before Christmas, when all through the house
Not a creature was stirring, not even a mouse;
The stockings were hung by the chimney with care
In hopes that St. Nicholas soon would be there.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
The first six lines were too fluent, the distinct couplet at the close was too
The last couplet, gold cure, refers to the familiar cure for alcoholism.
Every couplet when produced is new, and novelty is the great source of pleasure.
The schematic above represents basic properties of a vortex couplet.
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