having or showing good manners; polite.

1225–75; court + -eous; replacing Middle English co(u)rteis < Anglo-French; see court, -ese

courteously, adverb
courteousness, noun
overcourteous, adjective
overcourteously, adverb
overcourteousness, noun
pseudocourteous, adjective
pseudocourteously, adverb
quasi-courteous, adjective
quasi-courteously, adverb

mannerly, gracious, courtly. See civil. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
courteous (ˈkɜːtɪəs)
polite and considerate in manner
[C13 corteis, literally: with courtly manners, from Old French; see court]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

late 13c., from O.Fr. curteis "having courtly bearing or manners," from curt "court" + -eis, from L. -ensis. In feudal society, also denoting a man of good education (hence the name Curtis). Medieval courts were associated with good behavior and also beauty; e.g. Ger. hübsch "beautiful," from M.H.G.
hübesch "beautiful," originally "courteous, well-bred," from O.Franconian hofesch, from hof "court."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Have a good day and please try to be more courteous in your exchanges.
He answered my questions in a courteous fashion, but his tone was
  matter-of-fact and he did not elaborate on any of his answers.
Please, search committee folks, strive for a more courteous selection process
  this job season.
It said thanks for the opportunity to talk and for one particular wrinkle to
  the interview that was courteous, in my opinion.
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