courtship

[kawrt-ship, kohrt-]
noun
1.
the wooing of one person by another.
2.
the period during which such wooing takes place.
3.
solicitation of favors, applause, etc.
4.
Ethology. behavior in animals that occurs before and during mating, often including elaborate displays.
5.
Obsolete. courtly behavior; courtesy; gallantry.

Origin:
1580–90; court + -ship

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
courtship (ˈkɔːtʃɪp)
 
n
1.  the act, period, or art of seeking the love of someone with intent to marry
2.  the seeking or soliciting of favours
3.  obsolete courtly behaviour

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

courtship
1580, "behavior of a courtier," from court + -ship. Meaning "paying court to a woman with intention of marriage" is from 1590s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The couple's courtship followed a common course among members of their
  generation.
Researching and writing your dissertation is, in effect, the courtship period
  of your professional.
Belmont will appear this morning to tell her story of the hasty courtship and
  wedding.
When it comes to courtship and mating, it's all a matter of biology, the
  experts say.
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