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crayfish

[krey-fish] /ˈkreɪˌfɪʃ/
noun, plural (especially collectively) crayfish (especially referring to two or more kinds or species) crayfishes.
1.
Also called crawdad, crawdaddy. any freshwater decapod crustacean of the genera Astacus and Cambarus, closely related to but smaller than the lobsters.
2.
any of several similar marine crustaceans, especially the spiny lobster.
Also, crawfish.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; alteration (by folk etymology) of Middle English crevis < Middle French crevice < Old High German krebiz crab1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for crayfish
  • But this bizarre strategy is all part of the mating ritual of the signal crayfish.
  • The predators feed on other fish, as well as small amounts of crab and crayfish.
  • These nocturnal foragers use lightning-quick paws to grab crayfish, frogs, and other aquatic creatures.
  • crayfish relieving themselves from an unlikely orifice is one such postulation.
  • Non-native shad, crayfish and mud snails provide food for salmon and other fish.
  • If you cannot tell the difference, apply the native crayfish regulations to your catch.
  • These legendary arthropods inspire strong feelings--fear of spiders and scorpions, and hunger for delicious crayfish.
  • crayfish are freshwater crustaceans resembling small lobsters.
  • The amount of crayfish needed for a serving varies according to the size and variety captured.
  • crayfish relative abundance responded differently to flooding at each site.
British Dictionary definitions for crayfish

crayfish

/ˈkreɪˌfɪʃ/
noun (pl) -fish, -fishes
1.
any freshwater decapod crustacean of the genera Astacus and Cambarus, resembling a small lobster
2.
any of various similar crustaceans, esp the spiny lobster
Word Origin
C14: cray, by folk etymology, from Old French crevice crab, from Old High German krebiz + fish
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for crayfish
n.

"small, freshwater lobster," early 14c., crevis, from Old French crevice "crayfish" (13c., Modern French écrevisse), probably from Frankish *krebitja or a similar Germanic word that is a diminutive form of the root of crab (n.1); e.g. Old High German krebiz "crab, shellfish," German Krebs. Modern spelling is 16c., under influence of fish (n.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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