follow Dictionary.com

Get our exclusive Word of the Day images!

cretinism

[kreet-n-iz-uh m or, esp. British, kret-] /ˈkrit nˌɪz əm or, esp. British, ˈkrɛt-/
noun, Pathology
1.
a congenital disease due to absence or deficiency of normal thyroid secretion, characterized by physical deformity, dwarfism, and mental retardation, and often by goiter.
Origin
1795-1805
1795-1805; < French crétinisme. See cretin, -ism
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source
Examples from the web for cretinism
  • These effects have been implicated in the etiology of myxedematous cretinism.
British Dictionary definitions for cretinism

cretinism

/ˈkrɛtɪˌnɪzəm/
noun
1.
(old-fashioned) a condition arising from a deficiency of thyroid hormone, present from birth, characterized by dwarfism and mental retardation See also myxoedema
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Cite This Source
cretinism in Medicine

cretinism cre·tin·ism (krēt'n-ĭz'əm)
n.
A congenital condition due to thyroid hormone deficiency during fetal development and marked in childhood by dwarfed stature, mental retardation, dystrophy of the bones, and a low basal metabolism. Also called congenital myxedema, cretinoid dysplasia.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cite This Source

Word of the Day

Difficulty index for cretinism

Few English speakers likely know this word

Word Value for cretinism

13
0
Scrabble Words With Friends

Nearby words for cretinism