cretinism

[kreet-n-iz-uhm or, esp. British, kret-]
noun Pathology.
a congenital disease due to absence or deficiency of normal thyroid secretion, characterized by physical deformity, dwarfism, and mental retardation, and often by goiter.

Origin:
1795–1805; < French crétinisme. See cretin, -ism

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World English Dictionary
cretinism (ˈkrɛtɪˌnɪzəm)
 
n
old-fashioned See also myxoedema a condition arising from a deficiency of thyroid hormone, present from birth, characterized by dwarfism and mental retardation

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Medical Dictionary

cretinism cre·tin·ism (krēt'n-ĭz'əm)
n.
A congenital condition due to thyroid hormone deficiency during fetal development and marked in childhood by dwarfed stature, mental retardation, dystrophy of the bones, and a low basal metabolism. Also called congenital myxedema, cretinoid dysplasia.

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Example sentences
These effects have been implicated in the etiology of myxedematous cretinism.
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