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cretinism

[kreet-n-iz-uh m or, esp. British, kret-] /ˈkrit nˌɪz əm or, esp. British, ˈkrɛt-/
noun, Pathology
1.
a congenital disease due to absence or deficiency of normal thyroid secretion, characterized by physical deformity, dwarfism, and mental retardation, and often by goiter.
Origin
1795-1805
1795-1805; < French crétinisme. See cretin, -ism
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for cretinism
  • These effects have been implicated in the etiology of myxedematous cretinism.
British Dictionary definitions for cretinism

cretinism

/ˈkrɛtɪˌnɪzəm/
noun
1.
(old-fashioned) a condition arising from a deficiency of thyroid hormone, present from birth, characterized by dwarfism and mental retardation See also myxoedema
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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cretinism in Medicine

cretinism cre·tin·ism (krēt'n-ĭz'əm)
n.
A congenital condition due to thyroid hormone deficiency during fetal development and marked in childhood by dwarfed stature, mental retardation, dystrophy of the bones, and a low basal metabolism. Also called congenital myxedema, cretinoid dysplasia.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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