cropper

[krop-er]
noun
1.
a person or thing that crops.
2.
a person who raises a crop.
3.
a person who cultivates land for its owner in return for part of the crop; sharecropper.
4.
a plant that furnishes a crop.
5.
a cloth-shearing machine.
Idioms
6.
come a cropper, Informal.
a.
to fail; be struck by some misfortune: His big deal came a cropper.
b.
to fall headlong, especially from a horse.

Origin:
1475–85; crop + -er1

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
cropper (ˈkrɒpə)
 
n
1.  a person who cultivates or harvests a crop
2.  a.  a cutting machine for removing the heads from castings and ingots
 b.  a guillotine for cutting lengths of bar or strip
3.  a machine for shearing the nap from cloth
4.  a plant or breed of plant that will produce a certain kind of crop under specified conditions: a poor cropper on light land
5.  (often capital) a variety of domestic pigeon with a puffed-out crop
6.  informal come a cropper
 a.  to fall heavily
 b.  to fail completely

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Example sentences
The change from cropper to tenant was accomplished by fixing the rent.
The cropper feeds on the dominant species, preventing them from crowding out new arrivals.
Unfortunately, it is when the skaters leave the ice that they and the film come a cropper.
Cropper seconded the motion, which was carried by a unanimous vote.
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